For instance, being or reality in African ontology can be said to be either essence or accident and both essence and accident at the same time. This reflects three values, and it is this picture that African thought projects. In the same way, Western thought system reflects Western ontology, which is bivalent.
What is African ontology?
African ontology envisages. a hierarchical ordering of beings and forces in their categories in order of primogeniture with God at the apex. The whole essence of life for the African is based on its ontology7. ‘Ontology’ is the study of ‘being’ which to the African is ‘force’.
Can there be an African philosophy?
African philosophy is the philosophical discourse produced by indigenous Africans and their descendants, including African Americans. … African philosophers may be found in the various academic fields of philosophy, such as metaphysics, epistemology, moral philosophy, and political philosophy.
What does ontological mean in philosophy?
Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies concepts such as existence, being, becoming, and reality. … Ontology is sometimes referred to as the science of being and belongs to the major branch of philosophy known as metaphysics.
What are the characteristics of African philosophy?
Contemporary African philosophers have established a general structure of religions other than Christianity and Islam and based on the following elements: a supreme being or force who created the world, which depends on him for its continuous existence; divinities or spirits or forces that are active in the world; …
What is the concept of ontology?
Ontology is the study or concern about what kinds of things exist – what entities or `things’ there are in the universe . … The conceptualisation is the couching of knowledge about the world in terms of entities (things, the relationships they hold and the constraints between them).
What is metaphysical thinking in African philosophy?
In that process of ones Selfhood uniting with that Thing, one slides into a “Non-Self” whereby one “Knows” it by “Feeling” it without Thought. … Yet, difficulties in putting the “Felt” into words led early Africans into alternative paths for arriving at “Knowing”.
What are the trends in African philosophy?
The four trends in the order in which they are discussed here are ethno-philosophy, philosophic sagacity, nationalist/ideological philosophy, and professional philosophy.
What is African social thought?
By traditional African social thought is meant the body of. ideas, values and beliefs which the African has concerning himself. as man, his society as a polity, and community-living in his. continent.
What are the 3 main arguments for the existence of God?
There is certainly no shortage of arguments that purport to establish God’s existence, but ‘Arguments for the existence of God’ focuses on three of the most influential arguments: the cosmological argument, the design argument, and the argument from religious experience.
What is the ontological argument for God?
As an “a priori” argument, the Ontological Argument tries to “prove” the existence of God by establishing the necessity of God’s existence through an explanation of the concept of existence or necessary being . Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury first set forth the Ontological Argument in the eleventh century.
What is an ontological truth?
The correspondence theory of truth is at its core an ontological thesis: a belief is true if there exists an appropriate entity – a fact – to which it corresponds. If there is no such entity, the belief is false. Facts, for the neo-classical correspondence theory, are entities in their own right.
What are 3 central concepts in African ethics?
The concepts of good, bad (or, evil), right and wrong feature prominently in African moral thought, as they do in the moral systems of other peoples and cultures.
What are African traditional values?
In African society, there are a set of values that guide the behavior of every member. Specific mention could be made of values such as hospitality, chastity before marriage, truth, respect for old age, covenant keeping, hard work and good character.
What is the basis of morality in Africa?
This is why many scholars believe that in African thought, religion is the foundation of morality and that the moral imperative is derived from the deity; thus that faith gives sense to morality.