How and why did states develop in Africa and change over time? States in Africa developed through connections between Asia and Europe. The spread of Islam through trade routes connected to other countries expanded the diversity of Africa and the independence of communities.
How were states formed in Africa?
The boundaries of current African states usually have their origins in the Scramble for Africa, when the major European powers divided up the continent among themselves. … These defined blocks of territory, many of which emerged from the Berlin Conference, became the independent nation-states of Africa today.
How developed was Africa before colonization?
At its peak, prior to European colonialism, it is estimated that Africa had up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs. … Subsequently, European colonization of Africa developed rapidly from around 10% (1870) to over 90% (1914) in the Scramble for Africa (1881–1914).
Which of the following was a continuity in the development of African states in the period 1200-1450?
Which of the following was a continuity in the development of African states in the period circa 1200-1450 ? African states such as Ethiopia maintained close contacts with South and East Asian states across the Indian Ocean but rarely had contacts with Europe.
Which of the following was a continuity in the development of African states?
Answer: Despite geographical barriers, some African states were able to maintain diplomatic and cultural contacts with the broader Afro-Eurasian world. Explanation: The continuity of the diplomatic relationships allow trade during 1200-1450 which help the development of what is known as the Swahili coast market.
What are the 4 origins of a state?
There are four major theories of how government originates: evolutionary, force, divine right, and social contract.
What are the origin of a state?
The generally accepted theory of the origin of the state is that various factors like religion, family, force and political consciousness were behind the growth of the state. The seventh line of argument is that the divine theory is undemocratic.
Why was Africa colonized so easily?
The European countries were able to colonise African countries rapidly because there were rivalries between African leaders. … This led to even more deaths of animals and people, and due to their physical and mental weakness, they were unable to fight against European powers.
Why was there no civilization in Africa?
The geography of Africa has also had a big impact with limited farming land and vast tracts of unprofitable land make the development of large civilizations difficult except in very localised areas (such as the Nile valley) – a civilization can only become truly developed when there are surpluses of food and other …
What country did most African slaves come from?
Volume of Transatlantic Slave Trade by Region of Embarkation (in thousands) 1519–1700. The majority of all people enslaved in the New World came from West Central Africa. Before 1519, all Africans carried into the Atlantic disembarked at Old World ports, mainly Europe and the offshore Atlantic islands.
How did Islam change African society?
Islam brought laws and stability to all parts of life for Africans, but took away many women’s rights because Africa was previously a matriarchal society. Mosques, schools, and libraries were built. The societies of Africa had been mostly polytheistic or animist, but when Islam was introduced, many became monotheistic.
Where is Mali in Africa?
Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa, located southwest of Algeria.
Who was the founder of the Mali Empire?
Established by King Sundiata Keita, known as the “Lion King,” the Mali Empire brought wealth, culture, and Islamic faith to West Africa.
How did slavery affect African states?
The effect of slavery in Africa
Some states, such as Asante and Dahomey, grew powerful and wealthy as a result. Other states were completely destroyed and their populations decimated as they were absorbed by rivals. Millions of Africans were forcibly removed from their homes, and towns and villages were depopulated.
How did Islam affect Africa?
Islam in Africa has linked together diverse peoples through better cultural understanding and a spirit of cooperation and common weal. … The historial impact of Islam upon trade, particularly in West Africa, greatly increased the wealth of African people and helped form many great African empires.
What are the major religions of sub-Saharan Africa?
Christianity and Islam are the two dominant religions in sub-Saharan Africa, together accounting for more than 93% of the population.