The UN Development Program lists 46 of Africa’s 54 countries as “sub-Saharan,” excluding Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan and Tunisia.
Which countries are in sub-Saharan Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, …
Is the Nile in sub-Saharan Africa?
The Nile is considered the world’s longest river, although some debate exists about whether the Amazon River is longer. Yet the Nile is not the world’s largest river.
Sub-Saharan Africa must respect North Africa’s water rights.
|Country||Precipitation (mm/year)||Surface renerable freshwater resources (32,000–3,690,000 square km)|
Which countries are not sub-Saharan Africa?
The only African countries that are not in the Sub-Sahara are 5 North African ones (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia).
What are the four regions of sub-Saharan Africa?
Landforms Ecologically separated from North Africa by the sweeping and sparsely populated Sahara Desert, the sub-Saharan mainland consists of four vast and distinct regions: Central Africa, East Africa, West Africa, and Southern Africa.
What is the poorest country in sub-Saharan Africa?
Nigeria has the largest poor population in Sub-Saharan Africa (79 million extreme poor). It accounts for around 20% of the total poor in the region and is one of the economies with the largest number of extreme poor in the world.
What is the difference between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa?
Although Sub-Sahara has diverse ethnics, they are not always difference. Sub-Sahara have a distinct characteristic. North Africa on the other side is closer to Europe and Middle East, adding with Arab, Ottoman, French, Spanish, Italian and British influence with indigenous Amazighs, they have become very different.
Why is it called Sub-Saharan Africa?
Arab writers referred to the region south of the Sahara as bilad al-sudan, or “land of the blacks”. The term was used to describe a larger area than modern-day Sudan, stretching roughly from Senegal to Ethiopia. Some 18th-century British mapmakers simply translated it as “Negroland”.
What are the physical features of sub-Saharan Africa?
In addition to an array of landforms from rift valleys to mountains to deserts, Sub-Saharan Africa contains a wide variety of climate zones and precipitation patterns. In general, the continent is relatively hot with temperate climates in the higher elevations.
Has the Nile ever dried up?
The fertile arc-shaped basin is home to nearly half the country’s population, and the river that feeds it provides Egypt with 90% of its water needs. But climbing temperatures and drought are drying up the mighty Nile – a problem compounded by rising seas and soil salinization, experts and farmers say.
What is Sub-Saharan Africa known for?
Nubia in her greatest phase is considered sub-Saharan Africa’s oldest urban civilisation. Nubia was a major source of gold for the ancient world. Nubians built famous structures and numerous pyramids. Sudan, the site of ancient Nubia, has more pyramids than anywhere else in the world.
What is Sub-Saharan Africa’s largest city?
List of city proper in Africa by population
|1||Kinshasa||Democratic Republic of the Congo|
Why is sub-Saharan not developed?
There simply was not plenty of arable land for agricultural development in most of sub-Saharan Africa relative to what was found in areas around the Nile and Tigris & Euphrates (aka the Fertile Crescent). … There just aren’t the same contexts in Africa for the civilizational developments we see in Europe or Asia.
What is the main language of sub-Saharan Africa?
Three of the six dominant languages in Subsaharan Africa—spoken by at least ten million people or more—are spoken in Nigeria: Hausa, Yoruba, and Ibo. The three remaining major languages of Subsaharan Africa are Swahili, Lingala, and Zulu.
What is the climate of sub-Saharan Africa?
Climates: Most of sub-Saharan Africa has a tropical climate. This is because seventy percent of the continent lies between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn. Temperatures average around 64 degrees year round everywhere except at the more temperate southern tip of the continent and in cooler upland zones.
What are the major climatic regions of sub-Saharan Africa?
The six main climate zones of Africa are found to the north and south of the equator, namely, Equatorial, Humid Tropical, Tropical, Semi- desert (Sahalian), Mediterranean and Desert.