According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the vulnerability of Africa to climate change is driven by a range of factors that include weak adaptive capacity, high dependence on ecosystem goods for livelihoods, and less developed agricultural production systems.
What are the major factors that affect the climate of Africa?
The most important natural factors are:
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
How is Africa affected by climate change?
Increases in temperature and changes in rainfall patterns also significantly affect population health across Africa. Warmer temperatures and higher rainfall increase habitat suitability for biting insects and the transmission of vector-borne diseases such as dengue fever, malaria and yellow fever.
What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
What are the factors affecting the climate?
The climate of a place is influenced by a host of interacting factors such as:
- Latitude. …
- Elevation. …
- Ocean Currents. …
- Topography. …
- Vegetation. …
- Prevailing winds.
What are the six major factors that affect climate?
There are six major natural climate factors: air masses and winds, latitude, ocean currents, elevation, relief, and bodies of water. Some are global factors that affect all parts of Earth.
What are the 7 factors that affect weather?
Factors that affect the weather condition: temperature, pressure, moisture content, speed and direction in which its moves.
Which African country is most affected by climate change?
MADAGASCAR (Climate Risk Index: 15.83)
Adverse weather events have also made the African country one of the most vulnerable to climate change with 72 deaths — 0.27 per 100,000 inhabitants — about 568 million dollars in economic losses and a drop in per capita GDP of 1.32%.
Which countries are most at risk from climate change?
The Arctic, Africa, small islands and Asian megadeltas are regions that are likely to be especially affected by future climate change. Within other areas, some people are particularly at risk from future climate change, such as the poor, young children and the elderly.
What are the 4 major climate zones of Africa?
The four climatic zones were distributed into Saharan, Sahelian, wet tropical and equatorial climate types.
What are the 2 main factors that affect climate?
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation.
What are the major causes of climate change?
The main causes of climate change are:
- Humanity’s increased use of fossil fuels – such as coal, oil and gas to generate electricity, run cars and other forms of transport, and power manufacturing and industry.
- Deforestation – because living trees absorb and store carbon dioxide.
What are the main threats of climate change?
More frequent and intense drought, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting glaciers and warming oceans can directly harm animals, destroy the places they live, and wreak havoc on people’s livelihoods and communities. As climate change worsens, dangerous weather events are becoming more frequent or severe.
What are the 4 factors that affect weather?
Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.
What are the factors affecting weather and climate?
The three main factors of weather are light (solar radiation), water (moisture) and temperature.
What are the three most important factors that influence climate?
Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time. The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation, and the presence of ocean currents.