Armed conflict, economic insecurity, and the adverse effects of climate change are some of the biggest challenges affecting the region. Indiscriminate attacks against civilians and public infrastructure -including schools and health facilities- have threatened the lives of millions of people and their livelihoods.
What is happening to the Sahel region in Africa?
The arid belt of the Sahel stretches from Senegal on the coast of West Africa to Djibouti on the east. Hundreds of millions of people call the region home, but for years, this area has suffered the effects of frequent drought, desertification and other symptoms of a changing climate.
What is the main cause of drought in the Sahel?
The results show that the four main causes of the Sahelian droughts are as follows: sea surface temperature changes, vegetation and land degradation, dust feedbacks and human-induced climate change.
Why is Sahel dangerous?
The Sahel is home to 125 million people, some of the poorest and most vulnerable on earth, and within the next fifteen years, the population will increase by 60%. This is a region suffering from food insecurity, as well as political instability and uncertainty.
What kind of people live in the Sahel?
Both desert and grazing land, the Sahel has attracted a population as varied as its environment. Some are semi-nomadic cattle herders, moving with the seasonal flooding of the Niger. Others are farmers, eking out a living from millet and sorghum.
Is the Sahel poor?
With up to 80% of its people living on less than $2 a day, poverty is more widespread in the Sahel than in most other parts of Africa. The Sahel’s population growth rate also is among the world’s highest. … Poor governance does not help.
Why do developing countries struggle with droughts?
The causes of droughts are essentially natural, but climate change increases the drought severity, frequency, duration, and spatial extent. The impacts of droughts are also strongly exacerbated by anthropological activities, such as deforestation, overgrazing, soil degradation, and water mismanagement.
Why is the Sahel important?
The Sahel is endowed with great potential for renewable energy and sits atop some of the largest aquifers on the continent. Potentially one of the richest regions in the world with abundant human, cultural and natural resources.
What are the effects of drought in the Sahel?
The social and economic impacts of drought in the Sahel
Subsistence farmers’ crops fail and livestock dies. This can lead to famine and hunger. Commercial farms growing cash crops such as cotton lose income, which may cause unemployment. With less food being grown and an increase in demand, food prices increase.
How is life in Sahel?
The Sahel is a semiarid grassland that is located along the Sahara’s southern edge. Although its environment is not quite as harsh as the Sahara’s, the Sahel often suffers from drought, or long periods with very little or no rain. This decrease in rainfall has made life in the Sahel even more challenging.
How can we help the Sahel?
Ways to Stop the Sahel Crisis
Integrate social cohesion and peacebuilding: Promoting dialogue between communities and supporting local Church and traditional leaders to work together are essential for establishing a more cohesive society that will decrease the chances of more conflict in the future.
What countries lie in the Sahel?
Commonly, the Sahel stretches from Senegal on the Atlantic coast, through parts of Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad and Sudan to Eritrea on the Red Sea coast.
Where do most people in the Sahel live?
According to CILSS, there will be 100 million people in the region by 2020 and 200 million by 2050 – almost four times the current population. More than half of them, 141 million, will live in the three countries Egeland is visiting: Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger.
Is the Sahel growing or shrinking?
The need for food, animal feed and fuel in the Sahel belt is growing year on year, but supply is not increasing at the same rate. Over this ten-year period, the population of the region grew from 367 million to 471 million. …
Where is Sahel Africa?
Sahel, Arabic Sāḥil, semiarid region of western and north-central Africa extending from Senegal eastward to Sudan. It forms a transitional zone between the arid Sahara (desert) to the north and the belt of humid savannas to the south.