In Africa the rubber was a key trade. … African rubber boomed from 1890 to 1913, and was the greatest income earner for African countries. Even though rubber was their main income, their economy, social class, and governments took a negative impact. The country with the most devastating impact was the Congo Free State.
Is rubber indigenous to Africa?
Funtumia elastica is a medium-sized rubber tree native to tropical West Africa. It is considered an invasive species in forest understorey and naturally disturbed areas in Samoa and Martinique.
Was there rubber in Africa?
Rubber, also known as hydrocarbon polymer or latex, comes from plants and vines that once grew abundantly on the African continent. During the nineteenth century, French Guinea, Angola, the Gold Coast, French Congo, and the Congo Free State were among the five top rubber-producing states on the African continent.
Why was rubber so important?
Natural rubber is one of the most important polymers for human society. Natural rubber is an essential raw material used in the creation of more than 40,000 products. It is used in medical devices, surgical gloves, aircraft and car tires, pacifiers, clothes, toys, etc.
What was the rubber from the Congo used for?
Congolese workers were sent out into the jungle to slash down vines and layer their bodies with rubber latex. Later they would scrape it off their skin – often taking flesh and hair with it.
Why was Congolese painful for rubber?
To extract the rubber, instead of tapping the vines, the Congolese workers would slash them and lather their bodies with the rubber latex. When the latex hardened, it would be scraped off the skin in a painful manner, as it took off the worker’s hair with it.
What would happen to Africans unable to farm for rubber?
In the 23 years (1885-1908) Leopold II ruled the Congo he massacred 10 million Africans by cutting off their hands and genitals, flogging them to death, starving them into forced labor, holding children ransom, and burning villages. … Failure to meet the rubber collection quotas was punishable by death.
Why do they cut off hands in Africa?
To make up for the low production, troops began to use hands as currency – chopping them was a way of punishing workers who did not fulfill their quotas, and, at the same time, served to show that soldiers were doing their part in exerting pressure over the local population to ensure the fulfillment of these quotas.
When did rubber production start?
The first serious accounts of rubber production and the primitive Native American system of manufacture were given in the 18th century by Charles-Marie de La Condamine, a member of a French geographic expedition sent to South America in 1735.
Where is rubber grown in Tanzania?
Kalunga rubber forest area at Mang’ula sits on the outskirts of Mang’ula township on the eastern foot of the green Udzungwa Mountain forests. The rubber forest area is owned by the Ministry of Industries and Trade through the National Development Corporation (NDC).
What are the disadvantages of natural rubber?
One of the biggest limitations of natural rubber is its poor resistance to hydrocarbons, fats, oils, and greases. Contact with these substances can cause swelling, softening, or complete dissolution of the rubber part resulting in partial or complete failure.
How has rubber changed the world?
The discovery of vulcanization to make rubber hardy enough for significant wear helped make the leap to using rubber for tires. Rubber tires came to bicycles first, and then were adapted for automobiles. … As if that weren’t enough, rubber is now incorporated into asphalt to improve road quality.
Where did rubber originally come from?
Where does rubber come from? As its name suggests, the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis originally came from Brazil, from where it was introduced to such countries of the Far East as Malaysia, Indonesia, Burma, Cambodia, China, and Vietnam.
Was there slavery in Belgium?
Recasting Belgium’s national narrative. … Generations of Belgian schoolchildren were told of Leopold’s “civilising” mission – a humanitarian king who abolished slavery, built roads and schools and introduced Christianity and democracy to Congo.
What did Belgium gain from Congo?
On February 5, 1885, Belgian King Leopold II established the Congo Free State as his personal possession.
Why did they cut off hands in the Congo?
Disease, famine and violence combined to reduce the birth-rate while excess deaths rose. The severing of workers’ hands achieved particular international notoriety. These were sometimes cut off by Force Publique soldiers who were made to account for every shot they fired by bringing back the hands of their victims.