How did Portuguese merchants obtain most of their slaves in Africa? They traded for slaves with local leaders. … Enslavement benefited the Africans by bringing Christianity to them.
How did Portugal and Spain acquire their empires in the Americas?
How did Portugal and Spain acquire their overseas empires, and how did their empires differ? The Portuguese came to Africa and sold slaves. … Spain sent Christopher Columbus off to explore. When we thought he was in India, he discovered an entire new nation- the Americas.
How did the Encomienda system function?
In the encomienda, the Spanish Crown granted a person a specified number of natives from a specific community but did not dictate which individuals in the community would have to provide their labor. Indigenous leaders were charged with mobilizing the assessed tribute and labor.
What connections were there between Africa and Europe prior to the Portuguese voyages of the fifteenth century?
Prior to the European voyages of exploration in the fifteenth century, African rulers and merchants had established trade links with the Mediterranean world, western Asia, and the Indian Ocean region. Within the continent itself, local exchanges among adjacent peoples fit into a greater framework of long-range trade.
Why were the Portuguese the first successful European explorers?
Answer: Portugal, the western-most European country, was one of the primary players in the European Age of Discovery and Exploration. Under the leadership of Prince Henry the Navigator, Portugal took the principal role during most of the fifteenth century in searching for a route to Asia by sailing south around Africa.
Why did Spain and Portugal become rivals?
The rivalry between Spain and Portugal in the “Age of Discovery” caused Spain, a rising power, to seek a new route to Asia like the one Portugal had found around the southern tip of Africa. This led Spain to be receptive to the claims of Christoper Columbus that he could get to India by sailing west.
Who claimed the largest area in the Americas?
Answer: The Spanish Monarchy and Portugal claimed and took control of the largest areas of land in the Americas (in plural) as part of their empires. The Spanish conquest started in 1492 with the arrival of Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón).
Why did African slavery replace the Encomienda system?
8. What replaced the Encomienda System? It was gradually replaced by African slave labor because Africans were more immune to European diseases than Natives.
How were the Spanish and Portuguese colonies similar?
How did Spain and Portugal build colonies in the Americas? They conquered native peoples and used their land, resources, and forced labor to build colonies. … Similar: imposing their will on Native Americans by force, using slave labor, developing new, blended cultures.
What was the real motivation behind the Encomienda system?
Although the original intent of the encomienda was to reduce the abuses of forced labour (repartimiento) employed shortly after Europeans’ 15th-century discovery of the New World, in practice it became a form of enslavement.
What did the Portuguese trade for slaves?
By opening up sea routes to Africa, Asia and America, Western European countries — led by Portugal — rose to become internationally active trading and colonial powers. From that point onwards, trading in spices, ivory, textiles and slaves became global.
What impact did the Portuguese have on Africa?
The Portuguese destroyed the Arab trade routes in the Indian Ocean between Africa, Arabia and India. The Portuguese replaced Arab control of the trade in ivory, gold and slaves with their own. They traded up the Zambezi river and interfered with the existing inland African trade.
What did the Portuguese trade with West Africa?
They traded gold, and also spices, ivory, and slaves for metals, cloth, and manufactured goods. Some people in Mali were farmers, who grew beans, squash, melons, and lemons.
What did the Portuguese discover?
During this period, Portugal was the first European power to begin building a colonial empire as Portuguese sailors and explorers discovered an eastern route to India (that rounded the Cape of Good Hope) as well as several Atlantic archipelagos (like the Azores, Madeira, and Cape Verde) and colonized the African coast …
How Portugal became so rich during the European voyages of exploration?
There, wheat and later sugarcane were cultivated, as in Algarve, by the Genoese, becoming profitable activities. This helped them become wealthier. Henry the Navigator took the lead role in encouraging Portuguese maritime exploration until his death in 1460.
What did Portugal invent?
Gallery of Portuguese inventions
- Carrack (Nau) – the Oceanic Carrack (a new and different model, and largest carrack)
- Galleon – the Oceanic Galleon.
- Square-rigged caravel – Round caravel. …
- The nonius.
- The mariner’s astrolabe.
- The Passarola, the first known airship.
- The Pyreliophorus.