Insufficient rain has resulted in critical widespread water shortages and contributed to mass livestock deaths, undermining the livelihoods and increasing the vulnerability of pastoralist communities.
What are some effects of drought in East Africa?
Life in the pastoral societies impacted by this drought revolves around livestock. The poor rain and lack of vegetation have led to a decline in milk production and livestock deaths—a formula for famine. Millions throughout Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Kenya are in need of food aid.
What are the effects of drought in Africa?
|Primary impacts||Secondary impacts|
|Increased evapotranspiration||Crop withering and dying|
|More dust and sandstorms||Increased soil erosion; increased air pollution|
|Decreased soil productivity||Desertification and soil degradation (topsoil erosion)|
|Decreased water resources||Lack of water for feeding and drinking|
What caused the East African drought?
The drought is tied to the strong La Niña conditions that prevailed in late 2010 and early 2011. La Niña shifts ocean temperatures and air pressure over the Pacific Ocean, and its effects ripple through weather patterns around the world. In East Africa, La Niña causes drought.
What effects do droughts have on the environment?
Drought can result in lower water levels in reservoirs, lakes and ponds, as well as reduced streamflow in rivers. This decrease in available water can also lead to a reduction of some wetlands, groundwater depletion and even impact water quality (e.g. salt concentration can increase).
What are 5 causes of drought?
Here are the 5 natural and human causes of drought:
- 1) Land and water temperatures cause drought. …
- 2) Air circulation and weather patterns also cause drought. …
- 3) Soil moisture levels also contribute to drought. …
- 4) Drought can also be a supply and demand of water issue.
What are 3 consequences of drought in Africa?
The effects of drought are exacerbated by conflict in the region and can lead to repeated displacement, deaths, increased vulnerability to harmful practices like FGM, loss of education, increased exposure to risks such as recruitment into the armed groups, etc.
What are the impacts of a drought?
Examples of drought impacts on society include anxiety or depression about economic losses, conflicts when there is not enough water, reduced incomes, fewer recreational activities, higher incidents of heat stroke, and even loss of human life. Drought conditions can also provide a substantial increase in wildfire risk.
What are the causes and effects of droughts?
The soil starts drying out and plants die. When this pattern continues for several weeks, months or years, the flow of streams and rivers decreases and water levels in lakes, reservoirs and wells fall. Eventually, the unusual dry weather causes water supply issues, and the dry period becomes a drought.
What are the main causes of drought?
A lack of water in stores such as rivers, lakes, reservoirs and aquifers (water stored underground naturally) can lead to drought. Areas that rely on rainfall and surface water are more likely to experience drought. Surface water quickly evaporates in warm, dry conditions leading to an increased risk of drought.
What country has the worst drought?
Botswana ranks as the country with the highest drought risk mainly due to its high exposure combined with its relatively high vulnerability (S1). …
Does South Africa still have a drought?
The drought continued to 2019 with multiple regions in Southern Africa seeing significantly reduced levels of rainfall. … As of April 2019, parts of Southern Africa remain affected by the ongoing drought.
When was the worst drought in Africa?
2010-11: The worst drought in 60 years…
It was the worst drought for 60 years and triggered an official declaration of famine.
What are the long-term effects of drought?
If drought becomes prolonged, the branches of woody plants will begin to die back, and plants can die entirely if their ability to absorb water from the environment is damaged (UMass Amherst). In long-term drought, native plants may die back, allowing for the intrusion of invasive plant species.
How can we prevent droughts?
Being mindful of the amount of water you use each day can be a powerful way to prevent droughts. Turning off the faucet while you brush your teeth, watering your garden early in the morning so less water evaporates, and installing low-flow plumbing fixtures all are good ways to prevent wasted water.
What are the negative effects of desertification?
The drying of water sources increases the use of heavily polluted water, leading to severe epi- demics. In affected areas research shows that desertification is linked to declining agricultural productivity and decrease in income levels, leading to severe economic crisis and poverty.