The six principal colonies of German Africa, along with native kingdoms and polities, were the legal precedents for the modern states of Burundi, Cameroon, Namibia, Rwanda, Tanzania and Togo.
What area of Africa did Germany colonize?
As a latecomer in the struggle for colonies, Germany had to settle for four territories, called “protectorates,” in Africa: Togo and Cameroon in the west, German Southwest Africa (today’s Namibia), and German East Africa (today’s Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi) in the east.
How many African colonies did Germany have by 1914?
Germany had four African colonies in 1914: Togo (today: Togo and territory in eastern Ghana), Cameroon (Cameroon and territory in northeastern Nigeria), German Southwest Africa (Namibia) and German East Africa (Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania except Zanzibar).
Why did Germany colonize Africa?
Germany chose to take over South Africa because they were following in the lead of of France and Great Britain who also had empires in Africa. Germany was particularly interested in the economic possibilities that South Africa had to offer in diamond and copper farming.
Where did Germany have colonies?
Germany’s colonies included Togo, Cameroon, German South-West Africa (present-day Namibia), German East Africa (present-day Tanzania), three territories that are now in Papua New Guinea (Kaiser-Wilhelmsland, the Bismarck Archipelago, and the German Solomon Islands), and several territories in the Pacific: the Marshall …
Why did Germany never colonize?
Germany DID have colonies: The reason why they did not have as many colonies as other major European powers, however, was because: The German Empire was a fairly new state. Before, the Germans were not unified and therefore held less power, giving the rest of Europe a head start.
What happened to German colonies in Africa after WWI?
Germany’s colonial empire was officially confiscated with the Treaty of Versailles after Germany’s defeat in the war and each colony became a League of Nations mandate under the supervision (but not ownership) of one of the victorious powers. The German colonial empire ceased to exist in 1919.
Do any African countries speak German?
Before the first World War, Germany had colonies in German East Africa (now Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi) and German South-West Africa (now Namibia). … So the only African country which ‘speaks German’ in any real sense seems to be Namibia.
Who had the most colonies in Africa in 1914?
Germany became the third-largest colonial power in Africa the location of most of its 2.6 million square kilometres and 14 million colonial subjects in 1914, The African possessions were Southwest Africa, Togoland, the Cameroons, and Tanganyika.
Did Portugal colonize Africa?
In the 1500s, Portugal colonized the present-day west African country of Guinea-Bissau and the two southern African countries of Angola and Mozambique. The Portuguese captured and enslaved many people from these countries and sent them to the New World. … Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea-Bissau gained independence in 1975.
What country in Africa was never colonized?
Take Ethiopia, the only sub-Saharan African country that was never colonized.
Why did Germany colonize Togo?
The Germans intended to make Togoland a model colony. Because the region lacked mineral resources (its phosphate reserves were not then known), Germany concentrated on agricultural development. Valuable oil palms grew naturally near the coast.
What resources did Germany take from Africa?
German East Africa
- Minerals ( Tin . Phosphates . Iron Ore . Diamonds . Gemstones . Gold . Nickel )
- Power generators ( Natural gas . Coal )
- Marine / Aquatic life.
- Forestry / Woodland.
How many countries Germany colonized?
German colonies comprised territory that makes up 22 countries today, mostly in Africa, including Nigeria, Ghana, and Uganda. Germany lost control of its colonial empire at the beginning of World War I when its colonies were seized by its enemies in the first weeks of the war.
How many kingdoms were there in Germany?
The German Empire consisted of 25 constituent states and an Imperial Territory, the largest of which was Prussia.
Did Germany colonize America?
The German colonization of the Americas consisted of German Venezuela (German: Klein-Venedig, also German: Welser-Kolonie), St. Thomas and Crab Island in the 16th and 17th centuries.