Languages of Africa. There are an estimated 2,000 languages spoken in Africa. The American linguist Joseph Greenberg argued that they fall into six major linguistic families: Afroasiatic stretches from North Africa to the Horn of Africa and Southwest Asia.
What are the top 10 languages spoken in Africa?
Top 10 Most Popular African Languages
- SWAHILI. The most spoken language in Africa is Swahili which is said to have between 100 and 150 million speakers. …
- AMHARIC. Amharic is one of the main languages spoken in Ethiopia by over 20 million speakers. …
- YORUBA. …
- OROMO. …
- Hausa. …
- IGBO. …
- ZULU. …
What is the official language spoken in Africa?
The most widely spoken languages of Africa, Swahili (100 million), Hausa (38 million), Yoruba (20 million), Amharic (20 million), Igbo (21 million), and Fula (13 million) all belong to the Niger-Congo family. Learn more about the Niger-Congo language family on Ethnologue.
What is the most common language spoken in Africa?
English is the most widely spoken language across the African continent, followed by French, Portuguese, and even Spanish. English is not only the official language of many countries in Africa; it’s also the principal language of education in many others, and a lingua franca otherwise.
Is there a universal African language?
Not only is Africa the second most populous continent in the world with over one billion people, but it is also home to the highest linguistic diversity in the world, with over 1500 different languages. The principle languages on the continent include Arabic, French and English.
Who speaks the best English in Africa?
A report by the World Linguistic Society has named Uganda as the best English speaking country in Africa. The study names Uganda at the top, followed by Zambia, South Africa and Kenya respectively.
What is the oldest African language?
Afrikaans is one of the official languages of South Africa. It belongs to the West Germanic branch of the Indo-European family. It evolved from the variety of Dutch which was spoken by Dutch settlers in South Africa.
Which country in Africa has the most languages?
Nigeria: And the African country with the most languages is… Nigeria. The official language is English, while 24 million people speak Igbo. 4.
Is English an African language?
English is uniquely African in many ways. It has served as a language of pacification, a language of opportunity, and a language of academic debate over issues that impact the continent. In addition to being a language of pacification, English is widely viewed in Mauritania as a language of opportunity.
Is Hebrew an African language?
The family’s most extensive branch, the Semitic languages (including Arabic, Amharic and Hebrew among others), is the only branch of Afroasiatic that is spoken outside Africa.
What is the main religion in Africa?
The majority of Africans are adherents of Christianity or Islam. African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. Abrahamic religions are widespread throughout Africa.
Which country in Africa speaks Spanish?
|Republic of Equatorial Guinea República de Guinea Ecuatorial (Spanish) République de Guinée Équatoriale (French) República da Guiné Equatorial (Portuguese)|
|Official languages||Spanish Portuguese French|
|Recognised regional languages||English|
|Spoken languages||show List|
Which language is spoken most in world?
English is the largest language in the world, if you count both native and non-native speakers. If you count only native speakers, Mandarin Chinese is the largest. Mandarin Chinese is the largest language in the world when counting only first language (native) speakers.
What percentage of Africa speaks French?
High birth rates. There are 300 million French speakers worldwide today, up almost 10% since 2014, and a recent survey showed that 44% of them live in sub-Saharan Africa.
Is it easy to learn Swahili?
How hard is it to learn? Swahili is said to be the easiest African language for an English speaker to learn. It’s one of the few sub-Saharan African languages that have no lexical tone, just like in English. It’s also much easier to read as you read out Swahili words just the way they are written.
Who demarcated Africa?
Representatives of 13 European states, the United States of America and the Ottoman Empire converged on Berlin at the invitation of German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck to divide up Africa among themselves “in accordance with international law.” Africans were not invited to the meeting.