The 2018–20 Southern Africa drought is an ongoing period of drought taking place in Southern Africa. The drought began in late October 2018, and is negatively affecting food security in the region.
Are droughts common in Africa?
Southern Africa is suffering through its worst drought in several decades and perhaps a century. According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC), at least 11 million people are facing food shortages due to drought. …
Which countries are experiencing drought?
Afghanistan, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka have reported droughts at least once in every three year period in the past five decades, while Bangladesh and Nepal also suffer from drought frequently.
What African countries were affected by droughts in 2020?
In 2020, countries in East Africa including Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia are facing a large outbreak of desert locusts contributing to the ongoing food crisis in the region. Swarms of these migratory pests are destroying crops and vegetation in East Africa, resulting in loss of food and income for local families.
Is South Africa experiencing drought?
Much of the Eastern Cape province in South Africa has been experiencing a severe drought since 2015. This drought has had major socio-economic effects particularly on the large impoverished rural population as well as on some urban areas where supplied water services have broken down in several cases.
When was the worst drought in Africa?
2010-11: The worst drought in 60 years…
It was the worst drought for 60 years and triggered an official declaration of famine.
Where is the risk of drought in Africa?
Based on exposure measured as a function of the density of agricultural production per square kilometer, the risks associated with drought are greatest in southwestern Ethiopia and western Kenya.
What was the longest drought in history?
The three longest drought episodes occurred between July 1928 and May 1942 (the 1930s Dust Bowl drought), July 1949 and September 1957 (the 1950s drought), and June 1998 and December 2014 (the early 21st-century drought).
What country has the most drought?
Botswana ranks as the country with the highest drought risk mainly due to its high exposure combined with its relatively high vulnerability (S1). …
Who is most affected by droughts?
The Most Drought Prone Countries in the World
- Ethiopia. Poor harvests and recurrent insecurity in some regions of Ethiopia has led to food instability and falling food reserves across the country.
- Sudan. About 2.8 million people in Sudan are affected by drought every year. …
- Eritrea. …
- Afghanistan. …
- China. …
- Pakistan. …
- Iran. …
- Somalia. …
When was the worst drought in South Africa?
South Africa has been experiencing water shortages since 2015, when delayed rainfalls and decreasing dam levels led to a drought. It was the worst drought in the country since 1982. As a result two provinces — KwaZulu-Natal and Free State — were declared disaster areas.
How can we stop drought in Africa?
Immediate measures to mitigate drought
Water tankering from available sources; Rainwater & fog harvesting; Protection and use of springs; Cloud seeding; Evaporation suppression; Desalination of brackish groundwater or sea water; and Effluent treatment and re-use.
How long has the drought in Africa been going on?
Between July 2011 and mid-2012, a severe drought affected the entire East African region. Said to be “the worst in 60 years”, the drought caused a severe food crisis across Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya that threatened the livelihood of 9.5 million people.
What are the main causes of drought in South Africa?
One of the main causes of drought in South Africa is the variability in rainfall (Mason and Tyson, 2000; Tyson and Preston-Whyte, 2000 and Vogel et al., 2000). The El Niño phenomenon accounts for approximately thirty percent of rainfall variability (Tyson and Preston-Whyte, 2000).
How can we prevent drought?
Choose a water-efficient irrigation system such as drip irrigation for your trees, shrubs, and flowers. Turn irrigation down in fall and off in winter. Water manually in winter only if needed. Put a layer of mulch around trees and plants to reduce evaporation and keep the soil cool.
Why is the Eastern Cape so poor?
The Eastern Cape is fast becoming entrenched as South Africa’s most poverty-stricken province, a Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) study has found. According to The Herald Online, this was because of an increasing burden on women as the sole household breadwinners despite earning much less than men.