As noted by sources, Southern Africa’s low level of economic development and reliance on agriculture—namely cereal crops and livestock—leave the region highly susceptible to droughts.
Is South Africa going through a drought?
Much of the Eastern Cape province in South Africa has been experiencing a severe drought since 2015. This drought has had major socio-economic effects particularly on the large impoverished rural population as well as on some urban areas where supplied water services have broken down in several cases.
Why is South Africa vulnerable to drought?
Because of heavy dependence on rainfed agriculture, about 60% of Sub-Saharan Africa is vulnerable to frequent and severe droughts (Esikuri, 2005). … Although Africa has a huge water resource, there is large variation in its spatial and temporal distribution.
Which areas in Africa are at risk of drought?
This map illustrates the Horn of Africa’s risk of drought. Based on exposure measured as a function of the density of agricultural production per square kilometer, the risks associated with drought are greatest in southwestern Ethiopia and western Kenya.
Why is South Africa at risk of drought and desertification?
Whereas over cultivation, inappropriate agricultural practices, overgrazing and deforestation have been previously identified as the major causes of land degradation and desertification, it is in fact a result of much deeper underlying forces of socio-economic nature, such as poverty and total dependency on natural …
When was the worst drought in South Africa?
South Africa has been experiencing water shortages since 2015, when delayed rainfalls and decreasing dam levels led to a drought. It was the worst drought in the country since 1982. As a result two provinces — KwaZulu-Natal and Free State — were declared disaster areas.
Which areas in South Africa qualifies for drought aid?
South Africa is in the throes of a crippling drought. In the period July 2017 to the current, Gift of the Givers has expanded R235 million in drought relief in Eastern, Northern and Western Cape, Free State and KwaZulu-Natal.
How can we prevent drought in South Africa?
Protection and use of springs; Cloud seeding; Evaporation suppression; Desalination of brackish groundwater or sea water; and Effluent treatment and re-use. Developing and integrating other sources like groundwater, desalination and re-use, etc., with surface systems also to enhance water security.
Which country is most affected by drought?
The Most Drought Prone Countries in the World
- Ethiopia. Poor harvests and recurrent insecurity in some regions of Ethiopia has led to food instability and falling food reserves across the country.
- Sudan. About 2.8 million people in Sudan are affected by drought every year. …
- Eritrea. …
- Afghanistan. …
- China. …
- Pakistan. …
- Iran. …
- Somalia. …
Why is Africa at risk of drought?
Considering the limited economic and natural resources of the country due to its geopolitical location and the arid climate of the region, this demographic growth will lead to substantial drought risks.
Why developing countries are at higher risk of drought?
Droughts occur both in developed and developing countries with significant impacts and are exacerbating in frequency, severity and duration. Over exploitation of water resources, weather variability and climate change are mostly responsible for such exacerbation.
How can we prevent drought?
Choose a water-efficient irrigation system such as drip irrigation for your trees, shrubs, and flowers. Turn irrigation down in fall and off in winter. Water manually in winter only if needed. Put a layer of mulch around trees and plants to reduce evaporation and keep the soil cool.
What areas are at risk of drought?
(2015): drought hazard is generally high for semiarid areas, such as Northeastern and Southern South America, Northern, Southwestern and Horn of Africa, Central Asia, Australia, West U.S. and the Iberian Peninsula; and low for tropical regions, such as the Amazon, Central Africa and Southern Asia. Fig. 3.
What are 5 causes of drought?
Here are the 5 natural and human causes of drought:
- 1) Land and water temperatures cause drought. …
- 2) Air circulation and weather patterns also cause drought. …
- 3) Soil moisture levels also contribute to drought. …
- 4) Drought can also be a supply and demand of water issue.
What are 3 causes of desertification?
Overgrazing is the major cause of desertification worldwide. Other factors that cause desertification include urbanization, climate change, overuse of groundwater, deforestation, natural disasters, and tillage practices in agriculture that make soils more vulnerable to wind.
What is the negative impact of drought on the farmers of South Africa?
Adding to the negative effect that the drought is having on food security for South Africa and its neighbours are job losses: the agricultural sector indicated earlier this year that it had already lost about 30 000 employment opportunities.