Question: How was the Niger River important to civilization in West Africa?

The Niger river flows from west to east across West Africa. … The Niger river provided irrigation and drinking water in the more arid parts of the these empires. The river was a food source providing fish, and other food to the people of the empires. Many civilizations had their beginnings along side a river.

Why is the Niger River important to West Africa?

The northern part of the river, known as the Niger bend, is an important area because it is the major river and source of water in that part of the Sahara. This made it the focal point of trade across the western Sahara and the centre of the Sahelian kingdoms of Mali and Gao.

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How did the Niger River support West Africa civilizations?

The Mali Empire established itself as a regional powerhouse in medieval times through of its exports of gold, as well as salt, and its control over the Sahara trade routes from West Africa. … The Niger River basin nourished these powers, providing the resources necessary to build and sustain empires.

What river has been important in West African history?

You will see West Africa is a land of many resources and varied features. One feature, the Niger River, has been particularly important in the region’s history, providing water, food, and transportation for people. In addition, salt and iron deposits can be found in the region.

Why were the Niger and Senegal rivers important to the civilizations that developed in West Africa?

Why do you think the Niger and Senegal rivers were important to the civilizations that developed in West Africa? They provided water for cooking, cleaning, drinking, and transportation. … Islam then spread to West Africa through the Sahara Desert.

What was the key city of West Africa?

Timbuktu, French Tombouctou, city in the western African country of Mali, historically important as a trading post on the trans-Saharan caravan route and as a centre of Islamic culture (c. 1400–1600). It is located on the southern edge of the Sahara, about 8 miles (13 km) north of the Niger River.

What animals live in the Niger River?

Many varieties of fish are found in the Niger and its tributaries; the chief food species are catfish, carp, and Nile perch. Other Niger fauna include hippopotamuses, at least three different types of crocodiles (including the much-feared Nile crocodile), and a variety of lizards. There is a rich collection of birds.

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Which river was the most important for trade in Africa?

The Nile River also continues to be an important trade route, connecting Africa with markets in Europe and beyond. The Nile River flows over 6,600 kilometers (4,100 miles) until emptying into the Mediterranean Sea.

Who named River Niger?

The Niger is believed to have been named by the Greeks. Along its course it is known by several names. These include the Joliba (Malinke: “great river”) in its upper course; the Mayo Balleo and the Isa Eghirren in its central reach; and the Kwarra, Kworra, or Quorra in its lower stretch.

What religion was introduced to West Africa by Arab traders?

Islam first came to West Africa as a slow and peaceful process, spread by Muslim traders and scholars. The early journeys across the Sahara were done in stages. Goods passed through chains of Muslim traders, purchased, finally, by local non-Muslims at the southern most end of the route.

What are the 3 major rivers in West Africa?

Major rivers include the Niger, Senegal, Gambia, and the Kolenté (Great Scarcies).

What is the most important river in West Africa?

The Niger River is the most important river in West Africa, and is the third longest river in Africa after the Nile River and Congo River.

How did the Niger River affect the economy of West Africa?

How did the Niger River affect the economy of West Africa? Annual floods created rich soil, and it was a key route for trade. What role did kinship groups play in West African society? They were the basis of government.

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What was the most significant factor in the development of early societies in West Africa?

Geography and Trade Geography was a major factor in the development of West African societies. Settled communities grew south of the Sahara, where the land permitted farm- ing. Geography also influenced trading patterns. Communities traded with one another for items they could not produce locally.

What were the key features of West African society and culture?

What were the key characteristics of West African society? West African societies varied in size from small kingdoms to large empires. Most people lived by farming, but there were also many skilled artisans. Religion and family ties were central to West African life.

How did kingdoms develop in West Africa?

How did the Kingdoms of West Africa develop and prosper? The were created by men who became wealthy because of the gold-salt trade. They were extremely cunning, extremely lucky, or both. Their wealth gave them power turning them and their descendants into powerful lords of land and people.

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