French West Africa was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte d’Ivoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin), and Niger.
How many colonies did France have?
After the Great War the colonial domain of France, including colonies, protectorates, and countries for which France has a mandate, covered an area of 10,426,000 sq. km., an area nearly 20 times greater than that of France. The pop.
Did the French colonize Africa?
The French presence in Africa dates to the 17th century, but the main period of colonial expansion came in the 19th century with the invasion of Ottoman Algiers in 1830, conquests in West and Equatorial Africa during the so-called scramble for Africa and the establishment of protectorates in Tunisia and Morocco in the …
Where did France have colonies?
New France, French Nouvelle-France, (1534–1763), the French colonies of continental North America, initially embracing the shores of the St. Lawrence River, Newfoundland, and Acadia (Nova Scotia) but gradually expanding to include much of the Great Lakes region and parts of the trans-Appalachian West.
What did France colonize?
France founded colonies in much of eastern North America, on a number of Caribbean islands, and in South America. … As they colonized the New World, the French established forts and settlements that would become such cities as Quebec and Montreal in Canada; Detroit, Green Bay, St.
Why did the French colonies fail?
Lack of supplies, resistance by the local Native Americans, and direct attack by the Spanish quickly ended French attempts to settle on the southeastern coastline of North America.
Does France have any colonies?
France began to establish colonies in North America, the Caribbean and India, following Spanish and Portuguese successes during the Age of Discovery, in rivalry with Britain.
Why did France invade Africa?
France started colonizing West Africa early and most of those countries only became independent in the 20th century. The main goal of colonizing West Africa was that they wanted to turn West African countries into a “French-state”. … The French colonization changed the African culture.
Is France still an empire?
The French Constitution of 27 October 1946 (Fourth Republic), established the French Union which endured until 1958. Newer remnants of the colonial empire were integrated into France as overseas departments and territories within the French Republic.
How many countries in Africa are French?
French in Africa: 29 Countries Where French is Spoken. French is the official language of 21 countries in Africa.
Who gave France land claims in America?
French explorer, Rene-Robert Cavelier de La Salle, sailed from the Great Lakes up the St. Lawrence River, through the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico, to the mouth of the Mississippi River in 1682. There he raised a French flag and claimed all the lands drained by the Mississippi for France.
Why did the French colonize America?
Motivations for colonization: The French colonized North America to create trading posts for the fur trade. Some French missionaries eventually made their way to North America in order to convert Native Americans to Catholicism. … The French in particular created alliances with the Hurons and Algonquians.
How did the first French empire end?
The Empire briefly fell with Napoleon’s abdication at Fontainebleau on 11 April 1814. After less than a year’s exile on the island of Elba, Napoleon escaped to France with a thousand men and four cannons.
What if France colonized America?
If France colonized the area then it would have been much less than what happened in our timeline. … The government would probably be much more centralized and there would not be semi-independent states, there could even be an American version of the French monarchy in power.
Who did Spain colonize?
Spain, France, England, and Russia colonized Northern America for reasons that differed from one another’s and that were reflected in their formal policies concerning indigenous peoples. The Spanish colonized the Southeast, the Southwest, and California.
Who Found New France?
In 1524 Giovanni da Verrazzano followed the eastern shore of America from Florida to Newfoundland. Jacques Cartier then made three voyages of discovery for France. He took possession of the territory in the name of the king of France by planting a cross on the shores of the Gaspé (see Gaspé Peninsula) in 1534.