Question: What may become of the East African Rift Valley in millions of years?

Along the East African Rift Valley, African continent is splitting into two — the Somali plate and the Nubian plate. … Once the rift splits the continent, the ocean will flood the gap, creating a new continent in the Indian Ocean. In 10 million years, the Somali plate is expected to break off from the main African plate.

What will happen to the East African Rift in the future?

If these motions continue, plate models (mentioned below) suggest that Africa would rotate clockwise and eventually crash into Europe in 50 Ma in the future. The rift is growing at a rate of one inch per year through the upwelling of magma underneath the continental crust (see Fig. 3).

What will a rift valley eventually become?

The most extensive rift valley is located along the crest of the mid-ocean ridge system and is the result of sea floor spreading. … If they continue, continental rifts will eventually become oceanic rifts.

IT IS INTERESTING:  Is Nigeria one of the best country in Africa?

What is happening at the East African Rift Valley?

Large crack in East African Rift is evidence of continent splitting in two. A large crack, stretching several kilometers, made a sudden appearance recently in south-western Kenya. The tear, which continues to grow, caused part of the Nairobi-Narok highway to collapse and was accompanied by seismic activity in the area.

What will happen to the Great Rift Valley in Africa eventually?

A rift valley refers to a lowland region where tectonic plates rift, or move apart. … Eventually the rift should expand and break Africa into two continents: The smaller continent will include present-day Somalia and parts of Kenya, Ethiopia, and Tanzania, while the bigger one will include everything else.

Is Africa continent breaking apart?

Scientists say a new ocean is being born. New satellite measurements are offering valuable tools to study the tectonic rift in one of the most geologically unique spots on the planet.

Is Africa breaking apart?

The African continent is slowly separating into several large and small tectonic blocks along the diverging East African Rift System, continuing to Madagascar — the long island just off the coast of Southeast Africa — that itself will also break apart into smaller islands.

Which is the longest rift valley in the world?

The Great Rift Valley is a series of contiguous geographic trenches, approximately 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi) in total length, that runs from the Beqaa Valley in Lebanon which is in Asia to Mozambique in Southeast Africa.

Which location is on a major rift valley?

The most well-known rift valley on Earth is probably the so-called “Great Rift Valley System” which stretches from the Middle East in the north to Mozambique in the south. The area is geologically active, and features volcanoes, hot springs, geysers, and frequent earthquakes.

IT IS INTERESTING:  Frequent question: Which courier is best in South Africa?

How does Rift Valley formed?

A rift valley is a lowland region formed by the interaction of Earth’s tectonic plates. … A rift valley is a lowland region that forms where Earth’s tectonic plates move apart, or rift. Rift valleys are found both on land and at the bottom of the ocean, where they are created by the process of seafloor spreading.

What is the East African Rift an example of?

The East African Rift Valley (EAR) is a developing divergent plate boundary in East Africa. Here the eastern portion of Africa, the Somalian plate, is pulling away from the rest of the continent, that comprises the Nubian plate.

What if the African continent broke apart?

As the plates continue to pull away from each other, the rift valley will sink deeper and deeper, and water from the Red Sea will flood in to create a new ocean. Africa will become a lot smaller, as parts of southern Ethiopia and Somalia will drift off to form a new island.

What countries does the Rift Valley go through?

The Rift Valley consists of a group of independent interior basins, extending from Djibouti in the north to Tanzania in the south, nearly half being located in Ethiopia.

Name of basin Total area of basin Area in the country
Sudan 16 441
Uganda 4 514
Kenya 102 452
Southern lakes: 178 800

Why is Africa divided?

This conference was called by German Chancellor Bismarck to settle how European countries would claim colonial land in Africa and to avoid a war among European nations over African territory. … All the major European States were invited to the conference.

IT IS INTERESTING:  Is Kenya bigger than South Africa?

Is the Great Rift Valley getting bigger?

Great Rift

(Read more about the social rifts felt in this region.) A rift valley refers to a lowland region where tectonic plates rift, or move apart. … The rifts are growing larger as two tectonic plates, the Somali plate in the east and the Nubian plate in the west, move away from each other.

Why is Africa called Africa?

In the early sixteenth century the famous medieval traveller and scholar Leo Africanus (al-Hasan ibn Muhammad al-Wazan), who had travelled across most of North Africa giving detailed accounts of all that he saw there, suggested that the name ‘Africa’ was derived from the Greek word ‘a-phrike’, meaning ‘without cold’, …

Hai Afrika!