The two European countries that were the biggest winners in the race to seize African countries were Britain and France. Britain had a dream of building a railroad from The Mediterranean Sea to South Africa (i.e from Cairo to Cape Town).
Which 2 European countries were the biggest winners in the race to seize African colonies?
Which two European countries were the biggest winners in the race to seize African colonies? How would you describe that location of each country’s colonies? France and Britain. Britain had a dream of building a railroad from the Mediterranean Sea to South Africa.
Which two European countries seized the most land in Africa?
The British Empire controlled the most land in Africa.
Which two European powers held the most colonized land in the race to seize African colonies?
The most important holdings were Angola and Mozambique, held by Portugal; the Cape Colony, held by Great Britain ; and Algeria, held by France.
What 2 countries had the largest colonial empires in Africa?
The French had the largest colonial empire in Africa, over 3 1⁄2 million square miles, half of which contained the Sahara Desert. In 1830, France had conquered Algeria in North Africa. Between 1881 and 1912, France acquired Tunisia, Morocco, West Africa, and Equatorial Africa.
Which two African countries remained independent?
By the end of “the scramble,” only two African states remained independent: Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and Liberia (although Liberia is often considered an informal colony of the United States).
What is the driving force behind European imperialism in Africa according to the two sources?
The three main driving forces of the European imperialism were power, resources, and Darwinism. It leads many of the nations to divide Africa for its resources, then to later gain power over each other and prove their better than each other.
What was Africa like before colonization?
At its peak, prior to European colonialism, it is estimated that Africa had up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs. From the late 15th century, Europeans joined the slave trade. … They transported enslaved West, Central, and Southern Africans overseas.
What are 3 reasons for colonization?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
What were three effects of European imperialism on Africa?
Three effects that European imperialism had on Africa included a more structured political system with an organized government, the development of industrial technology and the idea of nationalism, which led to wars and revolutions later on.
Why did European countries give up their colonies?
After the war Britain, France and other European states faced many economic problems. They could no longer afford the cost of keeping their empires. After the war there was a rising tide of nationalism in the colonies. … Most French and British colonies were given independence in the early 1960s.
Why did European powers give up their empires?
They wanted to dismantle all European empires and they put a lot of pressure on European countries. … The colonial period began its end after World War Two, when the devastated nations of Western Europe could no longer afford to exert such global influence and as global norms shifted against them.
Why did Europe want raw materials from Africa?
Why did European nations want raw materials from Africa? During the Industrial Revolution, Europeans needed materials such as coal and metals to manufacture goods. These needs fueled Europeans’ desire for land with plentiful natural resources—resources that were available in Africa.
What country held the largest colonies in Africa?
The most important holdings were Angola and Mozambique, held by Portugal; the Cape Colony, held by the United Kingdom; and Algeria, held by France.
Countries that had colonies in Africa were:
Which country has the most colonies today?
See our Guide to New Nations. Are there still any countries that have colonies? There are 61 colonies or territories in the world. Eight countries maintain them: Australia (6), Denmark (2), Netherlands (2), France (16), New Zealand (3), Norway (3), the United Kingdom (15), and the United States (14).
Who colonized most of the world?
The main European countries active in this form of colonization included Spain, Portugal, France, the Kingdom of England (later Great Britain), the Netherlands, and the Kingdom of Prussia (now mostly Germany), and, beginning in the 18th century, the United States.