The reasons for it were as much political as military. At first TORCH, as the operation was called, had no specific military objective other than to effect a lodgment in French North Africa and to open the Mediterranean to Allied shipping. … Before TORCH there were a number of plans for the invasion of North Africa.
Why did we fight in North Africa?
The battle for North Africa was a struggle for control of the Suez Canal and access to oil from the Middle East and raw materials from Asia. … Oil in particular had become a critical strategic commodity due to the increased mechanization of modern armies.
When did the US fight in North Africa?
On November 8, 1942, the military forces of the United States and the United Kingdom launched an amphibious operation against French North Africa, in particular the French-held territories of Algeria and Morocco.
Did the US fight in North Africa?
The United States officially entered the war in December 1941 and began direct military assistance in North Africa on 11 May 1942.
North African campaign.
|Date||10 June 1940 – 13 May 1943 2 years, 11 months and 3 days|
|Location||Libya, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia|
Why did the allies decide to invade North Africa and Italy?
The allies decided to invade North Africa and Italy because, the African troops were part of Germany and a Hitler idea. Italy was the soft underbelly of the Axis powers, and if they took control of Italy, that would be a big supporter of the axis powers, no longer existing.
What made fighting in North Africa difficult?
The main problem for the British was the lack of co-operation between their armour and infantry, which resulted in them fighting almost separate battles. The result was that the infantry did not receive the support it might have done and the armour frequently fell victim to co-ordinated enemy attacks.
Why did Germany want North Africa?
The war in Africa was to play a key role in the overall success of the Allies in World War Two. … By 1941, the Italian army had been all but beaten and Hitler had to send German troops to North Africa to clear out Allied troops. The German force was lead by Erwin Rommel – one of the finest generals of the war.
Why did Japan attack us?
The Japanese intended the attack as a preventive action to keep the United States Pacific Fleet from interfering with its planned military actions in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States.
Why did the US invade North Africa first?
It stemmed mainly from a demand for early action against the European members of the Axis, and ostensibly was designed to ease the pressure on the hard-pressed Soviet armies and check the threatened advance of German power into the Middle East.
What tanks were used in North Africa?
The main battle tanks used by the Germans in Africa were Panzer III and IV’s which proved effective during Blitzkrieg, but were not up to standards on the Eastern Front.
What if the Axis won in North Africa?
If the Axis powers had won in North Africa, Italy would not have been invaded by the Allies. … The Axis powers would probably have won control of the whole Mediterranean. They would be able to tap its resources and also they would receive a mighty morale boost. British morale would plummet.
Why did Italy invade Africa?
The aim of invading Ethiopia was to boost Italian national prestige, which was wounded by Ethiopia’s defeat of Italian forces at the Battle of Adowa in the nineteenth century (1896), which saved Ethiopia from Italian colonisation.
When did US troops land in North Africa?
Operation Torch (8 November 1942 – 16 November 1942) was an Allied invasion of French North Africa during the Second World War.
|Date||8–16 November 1942|
|Location||French Morocco, French Algeria|
Why did Italy invade Egypt?
The Italian invasion of Egypt (Operazione E) was an offensive in the Second World War, against British, Commonwealth and Free French forces in the Kingdom of Egypt. The Italian strategy was to advance from Libya along the Egyptian coast to seize the Suez Canal. …