There are three species, all found in the Western Cape, South Africa. … The 18 species are endemic to the Western and Eastern Cape. Protea (sugarbushes) About 112 species, found in Africa but mainly in South Africa where there have been about 89 species recorded.
Are Proteas indigenous to South Africa?
The South African Floristic region is one of the world’s 6 recognised floristic regions. The most well-known and spectacular plant of our local flora is the Protea, commonly known as Sugarbush or Suikerbos. … 92% of Protea species only occur in the Cape Floristic region.
Where are Proteas found?
Proteas belong to the Proteacea family and the genus Protea, the name derived from the Greek god Proteus, who was able to change his form at will. There are hundreds of varieties of Protea, which can be found in South Africa, Australia, Asia and parts of South America.
Which province in South Africa is the Protea found?
Distribution. Protea aristata is restricted in the wild to the northern and southern slopes in a 60 km stretch of the far western end of the Klein Swartberg mountains in the Western Cape province of South Africa.
In which province is the Protea mainly found?
Most proteas, 73 species, are found in fynbos in the Western and Eastern Cape. Only 16 of the southern African species occur outside of fynbos in the summer-rainfall Mpumalanga, Limpopo, Gauteng, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal and North West provinces and in Lesotho and Swaziland.
Which flower represents South Africa?
It is widely distributed in the southwestern and southern parts of South Africa in the fynbos region. The king protea is the national flower of South Africa.
Why are South Africa called Proteas?
This plant or shrub is found mainly in South Africa. The Proteas flower with pink and yellow petals is the national flower of South Africa. The South African cricket team are called the Proteas after their National Flower.
Are Proteas poisonous?
Some grevillea species can trigger itching, redness and rashes if children have an allergic reaction on contact. All parts, especially the leaves, are poisonous (the stems are safe when cooked).
Do Proteas have a scent?
Most Protea species are either bird- or rodent-pollinated and have been described as either unscented or having a yeasty scent, respectively (e.g. Hargreaves et al., 2004, Wiens and Rourke, 1978).
Where do Proteas grow naturally?
Proteas naturally occur in the Southern Hemisphere
Because of this, it is believed that the protea genus originated on the super-continent Gondwana. When the continent eventually split, proteas were spread across different continents and countries including Australia, New Zealand and South America.
What is South Africa’s national bird?
Blue crane – Anthropoides paradisia
This elegant crane, that stands about one meter high, is almost entirely restricted to South Africa in its distribution. The blue crane is a light blue-grey, has a long neck supporting a rather bulbous head, long legs and elegant wing plumes which sweep to the ground.
What Colour is a protea?
Protea flowers are showy, long lasting, and are typically shades of pink, red, white, cream, and yellow. Proteas use a variety of pollination strategies. Many rely on nectar-feeding birds, especially African sunbirds and sugarbirds. Others are pollinated by flower-visiting rodents or insects.
What animal is the national symbol of South Africa?
The National Animal is the SPRINGBOK (Antidorcas marsupialis). This species has adapted to the dry, barren areas and open grass plains and is thus found especially in the Free State, North West province and in the Karoo up to the west coast.
How many Proteas are there in South Africa?
There are around 112 species, 89 of which are restricted to Southern Africa and most of which only occur within South Africa’s Cape Floristic Region. The genus Protea forms part of the Proteaceae family alongside Leucospermum, Leucadendron, Serruria, Mimetes and several other genera.
What time of year do proteas flower?
Proteas flower from autumn to spring with many offering a peak of blooms in winter. Whether left on the bush or picked, protea flowers are long lasting and eye catching. They are also bird and insect attracting plants.
Which country national flower is Edelweiss?
Everybody knows the Edelweiss, which grows high in the Alps and is regarded in Switzerland as a national symbol.