Africas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
Which is the largest relief region in Africa?
The Sahara Desert, the largest of its kind anywhere in the world, is over 10.4 million km2 n North to south is approx. 1800 kms and east-west is 5600km. In terms of structure and relief features, Africa appears to be different from the other continents.
What are relief regions?
Relief is typically defined as the difference in height between the high point and the low point on a landscape, in feet or in meters. … The remainder of the region is a lower-relief area referred to as the Central Lowlands.
What are the relief features of Africa?
Check out some of the most-impressive physical features found in Africa.
- Victoria Falls. Victoria Falls. …
- The Namib. Namib desert. …
- East African Rift System. Kenya: Great Rift Valley. …
- Congo River. Congo River: hydroelectric dam at Inga Falls. …
- The Sahara. sand dunes. …
- Lake Victoria. …
- Ituri Forest. …
- Nile River.
What are the relief regions of East Africa?
Eastern Africa is divided into five relief regions. These are: i) The coastal plains and lowlands: These border the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.
iv) The Rift valley: In Eastern Africa, the Rift Valley has three main branches:
- The Western branch.
- The Eastern branch.
- The Ethiopian Rift Valley.
What are the 2 main land types in Africa?
Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
How Africa is divided?
The African continent is commonly divided into five subregions: North or Northern Africa, West Africa, Central or Middle Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa.
Which is the largest relief region?
- Kilimanjaro (19,340 feet [5,895 metres]) is the highest point on the continent; the lowest is Lake Assal (515 feet [157 metres] below sea level) in Djibouti. …
- The highest extensive areas are to be found in Ethiopia, parts of which exceed 15,000 feet.
What are the 4 categories of relief?
- Low relief or bas-relief.
- High relief.
- Sunk relief.
- Small objects.
What are called relief features?
Various features like mountains, hills, plateaus and plains are found on the earth’s surface. Elevations and depressions on the earth’s surface are known as the relief features of earth. Maps showing the relief features of earth are known as relief maps.
What are 3 physical features?
Landforms & Physical Features
- Geography Landforms & Physical Features. Our Earth is made up of a many different types of landforms. …
- Mountains. Mountains are large, tall, and elevated land areas on the earth’s surface that rise abruptly from the surrounding land area. …
- Plains. …
- Plateaus. …
- Mesas. …
- Buttes. …
- Deserts. …
What is Africa famous for?
Africa is known for Mount Kilimanjaro, Victoria Falls, Nile river, and game reserves such as the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. Africa is also famous for its diverse ethnic groups, Egyptian Pyramids, the Sahara Desert, Mining, and for being the second driest, and the poorest continent in the world.
What makes Africa great?
Africa is the world’s hottest continent with deserts and drylands covering 60% of land surface area (e.g. Kalahari, Sahara and Namib). Africa is the world’s second driest continent (after Australia). Africa has approximately 30% of the earth’s remaining mineral resources.
Which is the largest tribe in East Africa?
The Kikuyu are the largest tribe in Kenya. Their mythology begins with the Supreme Creator, Ngai, leaving heaven for the snowy summit of Mount Kenya, where he made Gikuyu: father of the Kikuyu people.
Which is the most developed country in Eastern Africa?
Partnership agreements providing preferential access to the European markets) is suffering from discussions linked to their reconduction. Although Kenya is the most industrially developed country in East Africa, manufacturing still accounts for less than 20% of GDP.
Why Horn of Africa is called?
The Horn of Africa takes its name from the horn-shaped land formation that forms the easternmost point of the African continent, projecting into the Indian Ocean south of the Arabian Peninsula.