The East African Rift Zone includes a number of active and dormant volcanoes, among them: Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya, Mount Longonot, Menengai Crater, Mount Karisimbi, Mount Nyiragongo, Mount Meru and Mount Elgon, as well as the Crater Highlands in Tanzania.
What are examples of volcanic mountains in Africa?
Other Volcanic mountains in Africa include Mt. Cameroon in Cameroon, Mt. Jebel Marra in Sudan, Mt. Nyiragongo in the DRC and the Tibesti mountains in Chad.
What mountains are in northeast Africa?
Mount Kenya, the Aberdare Range, and the Mau Escarpment are located wholly within Kenya to the north of Nairobi; Mount Elgon lies astride the Uganda-Kenya border; Kilimanjaro extends along Tanzania’s northern boundary with Kenya; and Mount Meru is in northern Tanzania.
Where are the East African mountains?
The East African mountains are a mountain region in the African Great Lakes, within Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Burundi.
How many volcanic mountains are there in Kenya?
Volcanoes of Kenya (31)
|Menengai (Shield volcano)||[more]|
|Namarunu (Shield volcano)||[more]|
|North Island (Tuff cones)||[more]|
|Nyambeni Hills (Shield volcano)||[more]|
What are the main mountains in Africa?
the top 5 highest mountains in africa.
- Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895 m), Tanzania.
- Mount Kenya (5,195 m), Kenya.
- Mount Stanley (5,119 m), Congo-Uganda.
- Mount Speke (4,890 m), Congo-Uganda.
- Mount Baker (4,844 m), Congo-Uganda.
What is the biggest rock in Africa?
This granite mountain is the largest rock in Africa and the second-largest monolith in the world. At more than 3,000 feet (around 800 meters) tall, Sibebe Rock is the largest granite pluton in the world and the second-largest monolithic rock.
Which is the most important river in Africa?
The Nile River is the first that comes to mind without even looking up. Nile River in Egypt is the longest river in Africa. It has been the most popular among the seven major rivers on the continent.
What is the longest mountain in Africa?
Located in Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro is the African continent’s highest peak at 5,895 meters (19,340 feet). The majestic mountain is a snow-capped volcano. Located in Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa’s tallest mountain at about 5,895 meters (19,340 feet).
What animals live in African mountains?
Elephants, rhinoceroses, buffalo, antelope, hyrax, bush pigs, and monkeys, including the black-and-white colobus, are among the main inhabitants of the montane forest.
What is the East African Rift an example of?
Continental rifting requires the existence of extensional forces great enough to break the lithosphere. The East African Rift is described as an active type of rift, in which the source of these stresses lies in the circulation of the underlying mantle.
Does it snow in Africa?
Snow is an almost annual occurrence on some of the mountains of South Africa, including those of the Cedarberg and around Ceres in the South-Western Cape, and on the Drakensberg in Natal and Lesotho. … Additionally, snow regularly falls in the Atlas Mountains in the Maghreb.
What caused the East African Rift Valley?
The East African Rift is one of the great tectonic features of Africa, caused by fracturing of the Earth’s crust. The Somalian plate—which is moving away in the other direction—lies to the other side and includes the Horn of Africa. …
Which is the highest place in Kenya?
those of the glaciers of Mount Kenya and of Kilimanjaro diminished rapidly. …by the Nyeri saddle to Mount Kenya, the country’s highest peak, at 17,058 feet (5,199 metres). Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya, built on that plateau.
Who named Mt Kenya?
It was first climbed in 1899 by Halford Mackinder. The mountain became a national park in 1949, played a key role in the Mau Mau events in the 1950s, and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.
When did the last volcano erupt in Kenya?