African music is often combined with other art forms such as movement, dance, mime, speech, story-telling and costumes such as masks or body painting. Music is used on a number of occasions such as birthdays, weddings, funerals and harvest.
What are the elements of African music?
Instrumentation and timbre. The percussion instruments that are most associated with traditional African music are: a variety of drums including the djembe, talking drum and dundun – some of the drums can change in pitch. beads and rattles that produce an alternative timbre to a drum.
What are common forms of African art?
Answer: African art. African art, the visual arts of native Africa, particularly sub-Saharan Africa, including such media as sculpture, painting, pottery, rock art, textiles, masks, personal decoration, and jewelry.
What are the 5 kinds of African music?
14 African musical styles for you to explore
- Soukous. Soukous is a form of music that stems from rumba. …
- JuJu. Juju style originally came from Nigeria, a country which has produced many styles that managed to spread all around West African countries, including juju, jaija, fuji, ozzidi, palm-wine, highlife and afrobeat. …
- Mbalax. …
- Zilin. …
- Gnawa. …
- Mbaqanga. …
- Chimurenga. …
What elements of traditional African music are observable?
Terms in this set (8)
- Polyrhythm. Rhythms that occur simultaneously in different meters or with different starting points.
- Responsorial forms. Call and response.
- Ostinato. Short repeating pattern. …
- Use of percussion. …
- Background shimmer. …
- Music and language connection. …
- Participatory nature. …
- Close connection of arts.
What is the most important element of African music?
The music of West Africa is characterized by two main aspects: rhythm and melody. The rhythm is generally the most important, and West African songs are polyrhythmic featuring two or more conflicting rhythms.
What are 3 characteristics of African music?
Songs include accompanied and unaccompanied solos, duets and choruses. Unaccompanied choruses are an example of a cappella singing. Songs are usually either strophic (split up into verses) or are in call-and-response form.
What are the 5 elements of African art?
The 5 Elements of African art are used to describe the aesthetics.
- Resemblance to a human figure for purpose of conveying ideas.
- Luminosity representing shiny and unflawed skin.
- Youthfulness representing vitality and fertility.
- Reserved demeanor representing a person in control.
What does the head symbolize in African art?
Among the Yoruba in southwestern Nigeria, the head is the wellspring of wisdom and seat of divine power (àse). The head is divided into the external head (orí òde), emblem of individuality, and the interior or spiritual head (orí inú), the life source that controls the outer head.
What themes of art are most frequently explored in African art?
Revealing the importance behind some of Africa’s most beautiful art and culture are four common themes. These themes represent ceremonial honor, mother earth and the people as her children, honor, and portrayal of a stranger.
What is the oldest African instrument?
The bolon is one of the oldest of the West African stringed instruments and was originally associated with the hunting and warrior traditions.
What makes African music unique?
African singers use a wide variety of sounds. The melodies are short, repeated over and over, also include whistles and yodels which is peculiar to African style of music. Soloist often improvises new melodies while the chorus continuous with the original melody creating a polyphonic structure.
Why is African music unique?
African music consists of complex rhythmic patterns, often involving one rhythm played against another to create a polyrhythm. … The call-and-response nature extends to the rhythm, where one drum will play a rhythmic pattern, echoed by another drum playing the same pattern. African music is also highly improvised.
What is the most distinctive feature of all African musical instrument?
Falling between rhythmic and melodic instruments, the largest and most distinctive member of the African struck-idiophone family is the slit drum, made from a hollowed log. By careful thinning of the flanks at certain places, the instrument may be tuned so as to yield as many as four distinct pitches.
What are the 8 types of African music?
List of Music Genres in Africa
- Afrobeat. Fela Kuti created Afrobeat by fusing traditional Nigerian music, jazz and highlife. …
- Apala. Apala is a percussion-based style of the Muslim Yoruba people in Nigeria, West Africa.
- Assiko. Assiko is a rhythmic dance from Cameroon.
- Bikutsi. …
- Benga music. …
- Bongo Flava (Tanzania)
- Cabo-Love (Cape Verde)
- Chimurenga music.
Why is Nigerian music called the heart of African music?
Nigeria has been called “the heart of African music” because of its role in the development of West African highlife and palm-wine music, which fuses native rhythms with techniques imported from the Congo for the development of several popular styles that were unique to Nigeria, like apala, fuji, jùjú, highlife, and Yo …