On March 23, 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in the forested rural region of southeastern Guinea. The identification of these early cases marked the beginning of the West Africa Ebola epidemic, the largest in history.
What are some of the epidemics that are taking place in Africa?
Results: The most commonly reported epidemic outbreaks in Africa include: cholera, dysentery, malaria and hemorrhagic fevers (e.g. Ebola, Rift Valley fever, Crimean-Congo fever and yellow fever).
What caused the spread of disease in Africa?
The rise of chronic disease
There are four broad reasons chronic diseases are on the rise across the region, the report says. The first is rapid economic growth, and the urbanization it brings. Both can raise living standards, but bring with them health negatives. Pollution increases.
What is the number one spread of disease in Africa?
The most commonly reported disease outbreak was cholera which accounted for 20.8% of all events (n = 20 out of 96), followed by measles (n = 11, 11.5%) and Yellow fever (n = 7, 7.3%).
What diseases came from Africa?
Latest information on diseases from Africa CDC
- Anthrax. Anthrax is a serious infectious disease caused by gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria known as Bacillus anthracis. …
- Avian Influenza. …
- Chikungunya. …
- Cholera. …
- COVID-19. …
- Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever. …
- Dengue Fever. …
- Ebola Virus Disease.
How did Ebola start?
Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976 near the Ebola River in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since then, the virus has been infecting people from time to time, leading to outbreaks in several African countries.
What three diseases were common in Africa?
New People, New Diseases Africa is often considered part of the “old world” consisting of Europe and Asia, but this is only partially true. For millennia the continent had many of the diseases that were in Europe: plague, leprosy, syphilis.
How does disease impact Africa?
In Africa, respiratory diseases, HIV/AIDS, diarrhea, malaria, tuberculosis and other infectious diseases are directly affecting health and demographic indicators such as mortality rates, life expectancy, and sex and age distributions.
What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?
- Influenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.
- Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.
- Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)
What three diseases were common in Africa but the Europeans had no immunity to?
Europeans brought deadly viruses and bacteria, such as smallpox, measles, typhus, and cholera, for which Native Americans had no immunity (Denevan, 1976).
What is the largest religion practiced in Africa?
Christianity is now one of the most widely practiced religions in Africa along with Islam and is the largest religion in Sub-Saharan Africa. Several syncretistic and messianic sects have formed throughout much of the continent, including the Nazareth Baptist Church in South Africa and the Aladura churches in Nigeria.
What is the oldest disease in the world?
Leprosy is one of the oldest recorded diseases. Caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae, it has affected multitudes over thousands of years — and, as a chronic disease with physical manifestations, has been a source of stigma and ostracism.
What was the first disease in the world?
Smallpox and measles viruses are among the oldest that infect humans. Having evolved from viruses that infected other animals, they first appeared in humans in Europe and North Africa thousands of years ago.