What are the causes of high infant and child mortality in sub Saharan region of Africa?

The main causes are, in order of importance, neonatal causes (26%), child pneumonia (21%), malaria (18%), diarrhoea (16%), HIV/AIDS (6%), measles (5%) and accidents (2%).

What is the leading cause of death in children under 5 in sub-Saharan Africa?

Leading causes of death in children under 5 years are preterm birth complications, pneumonia, birth asphyxia, diarrhoea and malaria. About 45% of all child deaths are linked to malnutrition. Children in sub-Saharan Africa are more than 14 times more likely to die before the age of 5 than children in developed regions.

Does Sub-Saharan Africa have high infant mortality?

Sub-Saharan Africa, which accounts for 38 percent of global neonatal deaths, has the highest newborn death rate (34 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2011). … The under-five mortality rates decreased in these countries by 67.5%, 65.4%, 63.6%, and 61.8% respectively.

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What is the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa?

The findings from previous studies show that HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and injuries and accidents are the leading causes of death among adults in sub-Saharan Africa and notable variations have been observed by demographic and socio-economic background characteristics of the deceased.

What are the causes of high infant mortality rate?

The five leading causes of infant death in 2018 were:

  • Birth defects.
  • Preterm birth and low birth weight.
  • Maternal pregnancy complications.
  • Sudden infant death syndrome.
  • Injuries (e.g., suffocation).

Why is child mortality so high in Africa?

Linkages with maternal health. Child mortality is inextricably linked with maternal mortality. In Africa, at least 25 per cent of all deaths in children under-five occur within the first month, 75 per cent of these during the first week. Causes include infection, asphyxia, and preterm and low birth weight.

What are the top 5 preventable deaths?

The estimated average number of potentially preventable deaths for the five leading causes of death in persons aged <80 years were 91,757 for diseases of the heart, 84,443 for cancer, 28,831 for chronic lower respiratory diseases, 16,973 for cerebrovascular diseases (stroke), and 36,836 for unintentional injuries ( …

Where is child mortality the highest?

Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest under-five mortality rate in the world—76 deaths per 1,000 live births.

Why is infant mortality so high in Nigeria?

With a 13% immunization rate for children between 12-23 months, Nigeria is the African country with the lowest vaccination rate. Substantial presence of Acute Respiratory Infections and diarrhoea also contribute to the elevated mortality rates for children.

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Why are babies dying in Africa?

Each year, approximately 300,000 African babies die on the day of their birth, mostly for lack of adequate maternal and neonatal care. … Newborns – between 30 and 50 percent of newborn deaths are on the first day of life.

Which animal kills most humans in Africa?

Ungainly as it is, the hippopotamus is the world’s deadliest large land mammal, killing an estimated 500 people per year in Africa.

What disease is a major problem in sub-Saharan Africa?

In sub-Saharan Africa, communicable diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV have long been among the most prominent contributors to disease burden.

What is the biggest health problem in sub-Saharan Africa today?

Most sub-Saharan countries face a double burden of infectious diseases, malnutrition, and child and maternal mortality, in addition to emerging challenges of chronic conditions, such as hypertension, mental health disorders, and health problems related to climate change and environmental degradation.

Which disease is the leading cause of infant mortality What is its main cause?

Causes of Infant Mortality in the United States

The most common causes of death in the United States in 2011 were the following: Birth defects. Preterm birth and low birth weight. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

What can be done to reduce infant mortality in developing countries?

Are there ways to reduce the risk of infant mortality?

  • Preventing Birth Defects.
  • Addressing Preterm Birth, Low Birth Weight, and Their Outcomes.
  • Getting Pre-Pregnancy and Prenatal Care.
  • Creating a Safe Infant Sleep Environment.
  • Using Newborn Screening to Detect Hidden Conditions.
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Which country has the highest rate of infant mortality?

Infant mortality rate

Rank Country deaths/1,000 live births
1 Afghanistan 106.75
2 Somalia 88.03
3 Central African Republic 84.22
4 Niger 68.12
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