What are the features of the traditional African music?

African singing often includes glissandos (slides which are sometimes known as portamento) and slurs, whistles, yodels and swoops and types of sound such as a raspy or buzzy quality. Melodies are usually organised within a scale of four, five, six, or seven notes.

What are the main features of African music?

Songs include accompanied and unaccompanied solos, duets and choruses. Unaccompanied choruses are an example of a cappella singing. Songs are usually either strophic (split up into verses) or are in call-and-response form.

What are the characteristic and features of African music?

Among the qualities of African music which may be considered characteristic, then, we may include the following: an emphasis on rhythmic and metric complexity expressed throughout the musical system; the use of extended syncopation, or off- beat phrasing of melodic accents, as a melodic device; the antiphonal call and …

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What are the traditional music of Africa?

14 African musical styles for you to explore

  • Soukous. Soukous is a form of music that stems from rumba. …
  • JuJu. Juju style originally came from Nigeria, a country which has produced many styles that managed to spread all around West African countries, including juju, jaija, fuji, ozzidi, palm-wine, highlife and afrobeat. …
  • Mbalax. …
  • Zilin. …
  • Gnawa. …
  • Mbaqanga. …
  • Chimurenga. …
  • Majika.

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What elements of traditional African music are observable?

Terms in this set (8)

  • Polyrhythm. Rhythms that occur simultaneously in different meters or with different starting points.
  • Responsorial forms. Call and response.
  • Ostinato. Short repeating pattern. …
  • Use of percussion. …
  • Background shimmer. …
  • Music and language connection. …
  • Participatory nature. …
  • Close connection of arts.

What are 3 characteristics of African music?

Songs include accompanied and unaccompanied solos, duets and choruses. Unaccompanied choruses are an example of a cappella singing. Songs are usually either strophic (split up into verses) or are in call-and-response form.

What is the purpose of African music?

African music is a vital part of everyday life in Africa. It is a part of religious ceremonies, festivals, and social rituals. Songs are used for the important events in a person’s life (birth, coming of age, marriage, and death). They are used for curing the sick, bringing rain, and religious dances.

What are the classifications of African music?

Answer: There are five groups of Sub-Saharan African musical instruments: membranophones, chordophones, aerophones, idiophones, and percussion.

What are the eight characteristics of African music?

There are eight characteristics that define African music: Polyrhythms, ostinato, the use of percussion, background shimmer, close connection with the music and language, participatory nature of the arts, a close connection with the performing arts, responsorial form.

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What is the most distinctive feature of African musical instruments?

Falling between rhythmic and melodic instruments, the largest and most distinctive member of the African struck-idiophone family is the slit drum, made from a hollowed log. By careful thinning of the flanks at certain places, the instrument may be tuned so as to yield as many as four distinct pitches.

What makes African music unique?

African singers use a wide variety of sounds. The melodies are short, repeated over and over, also include whistles and yodels which is peculiar to African style of music. Soloist often improvises new melodies while the chorus continuous with the original melody creating a polyphonic structure.

How do you describe African music?

African music consists of complex rhythmic patterns, often involving one rhythm played against another to create a polyrhythm. The most common polyrhythm plays three beats on top of two, like a triplet played against straight notes. … African musicians aim to express life, in all its aspects, through the medium of sound.

How did African music start?

Early attempts at notating African music were made by T.E. … The single and double iron bells, which probably originated in Kwa-speaking West Africa, spread to western Central Africa with Iron Age Bantu-speaking peoples and from there to Zimbabwe and the Zambezi River valley.

What is the most important element of African music?

The music of West Africa is characterized by two main aspects: rhythm and melody. The rhythm is generally the most important, and West African songs are polyrhythmic featuring two or more conflicting rhythms.

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What is the tempo of African music?

This series of 24 notes, when played by expert musicians, is at a speed of approximately 600 notes per minute. But each musician, for himself, plays one-third that fast.

Why is Nigerian music called the heart of African music?

Nigeria has been called “the heart of African music” because of its role in the development of West African highlife and palm-wine music, which fuses native rhythms with techniques imported from the Congo for the development of several popular styles that were unique to Nigeria, like apala, fuji, jùjú, highlife, and Yo …

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