Three main physical features of North Africa are the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Nile River. Most of North Africa’s population lives along the Mediterranean coast or along the Nile River. The ethnic majority in the Maghreb are Berber, with Arabs dominating in Egypt.
What is the geography of northern Africa?
Geography. North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara desert in the south, the Atlas Mountains in the west, and the Nile River and delta in the east. The Atlas Mountains extend across much of northern Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.
What are the major physical features of North Africa?
North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara, the ATLAS MOUNTAINS in the west, and the NILE RIVER AND DELTA in the east.
What are the major geographical features of Africa?
Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
What are two major natural features in North Africa quizlet?
Terms in this set (10)
- Morocco. Algeria. Tunsia. Libya. Egypt. …
- The Atlas Mountains. The Gebel Katherina. The Quttarc Depression. Mt. …
- The Nile River. Mediterrniean Sea. The Suez Canal. The Blue Nile. …
- The Atlas Mountains (rain shadow effect) High-Pressure air-system. These are two reasons for North Africa’s dry climate.
- The Sahara.
What is unique about North Africa?
Regional Characteristics. Extent and Defining Characteristics: North Africa is very diverse from the Western Sahara to Egypt. This area is made up of costal agriculture grasslands, desert, mountains, highlands, valleys, basins, rivers, lakes and seas. … Western Sahara is on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean.
Why is North Africa a desert?
The answer lies in the climate of the Arctic and northern high latitudes. … However, around 5,500 years ago there was a sudden shift in climate in northern Africa leading to rapid acidification of the area. What was once a tropical, wet, and thriving environment suddenly turned into the desolate desert we see today.
What are 3 major geographical features?
Mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains are the four major types of landforms. Minor landforms include buttes, canyons, valleys, and basins. Tectonic plate movement under the Earth can create landforms by pushing up mountains and hills.
What are 3 physical features?
Landforms & Physical Features
- Geography Landforms & Physical Features. Our Earth is made up of a many different types of landforms. …
- Mountains. Mountains are large, tall, and elevated land areas on the earth’s surface that rise abruptly from the surrounding land area. …
- Plains. …
- Plateaus. …
- Mesas. …
- Buttes. …
- Deserts. …
What are two reasons for North Africa’s dry climate?
The dry subtropical climate of the northern Sahara is caused by stable high-pressure cells centred over the Tropic of Cancer. The annual range of average daily temperatures is about 36 °F (20 °C). Winters are relatively cold in the northern regions and cool in the central Sahara.
What are five physical features?
Landforms include hills, mountains, plateaus, canyons, and valleys, as well as shoreline features such as bays, peninsulas, and seas, including submerged features such as mid-ocean ridges, volcanoes, and the great ocean basins.
What is Africa famous for?
Africa is known for Mount Kilimanjaro, Victoria Falls, Nile river, and game reserves such as the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. Africa is also famous for its diverse ethnic groups, Egyptian Pyramids, the Sahara Desert, Mining, and for being the second driest, and the poorest continent in the world.
What are two major natural features in North Africa?
Three main physical features of North Africa are the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Nile River. Most of North Africa’s population lives along the Mediterranean coast or along the Nile River.
What are two reasons for North Africa’s dry climate quizlet?
What factors contribute to North Africa’s arid climate? Subtropical high- pressure system keeps the region dry, a rain shadow caused by the Atlas Mountains also contributes to the dry climate. A hot dry wind called the harmattan often sweeps southward across the Sahara.
What are three important waterways in North Africa?
- Atbarah River – Sudan, Ethiopia.
- Blue Nile – Sudan, Ethiopia.
- Didessa River – Ethiopia.
- Nile – Egypt.
- Bahr el Zeraf – South Sudan.
- White Nile – Sudan, South Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda.
- White Nile – Sudan, South Sudan.
What are the important waterways in North Africa?
- Lake Chad Basin.
- Mediterranean Coast.
- North East Coast.
- North Interior.
- North West Coast.
- Rift Valley.