What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?
- Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
- Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
- Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
- Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
What are the factors that affect climate?
Factors Affecting Global Climate
- Atmospheric Circulation. The sun’s rays provide both light and heat to Earth, and regions that receive greater exposure warm to a greater extent. …
- Ocean Currents. Earth’s rotation affects the oceans in a similar manner, setting up currents that flow within the ocean basins. …
- Global Climate. …
What are the main factors as to why Africa’s climate is hot?
In fact, the climate of Africa is more variable by rainfall amount than by temperatures, which are consistently high. African deserts are the sunniest and the driest parts of the continent, owing to the prevailing presence of the subtropical ridge with subsiding, hot, dry air masses.
What are the 6 factors that affect climate?
There are six major natural climate factors: air masses and winds, latitude, ocean currents, elevation, relief, and bodies of water.
What are the 2 main factors that affect climate?
The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation.
What are the 7 factors that affect weather?
Factors that affect the weather condition: temperature, pressure, moisture content, speed and direction in which its moves.
What are the four major factors influencing Earth’s climate?
Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.
What are the causes and effects of climate change?
Humans are increasingly influencing the climate and the earth’s temperature by burning fossil fuels, cutting down forests and farming livestock. This adds enormous amounts of greenhouse gases to those naturally occurring in the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect and global warming.
Which African country is most affected by climate change?
MADAGASCAR (Climate Risk Index: 15.83)
Adverse weather events have also made the African country one of the most vulnerable to climate change with 72 deaths — 0.27 per 100,000 inhabitants — about 568 million dollars in economic losses and a drop in per capita GDP of 1.32%.
Which is the best climate zone in Africa for farming?
The climate of the African rainforest is drier and very suitable for successful agriculture. Tropical rainforests build ecological systems adapted to warm and humid climates.
What is the hottest place on earth?
Scientists still have to validate the reading of 130 degrees Fahrenheit on Sunday, the equivalent of 54 degrees Celsius. In the popular imagination, Death Valley in Southern California is the hottest place on earth.
What is the leading cause of climate change?
The evidence is clear: the main cause of climate change is burning fossil fuels such as oil, gas, and coal. When burnt, fossil fuels release carbon dioxide into the air, causing the planet to heat up.
What are 3 things that influence climate?
Introduction: Climate is determined by the temperature and precipitation characteristics of a region over time. The temperature characteristics of a region are influenced by natural factors such as latitude, elevation and the presence of ocean currents.
What are the major effects of climate change?
The direct consequences of man-made climate change include:
- rising maximum temperatures.
- rising minimum temperatures.
- rising sea levels.
- higher ocean temperatures.
- an increase in heavy precipitation (heavy rain and hail)
- shrinking glaciers.
- thawing permafrost.