What are the wind instruments of Africa?

Of the wind instruments proper, the three main divisions—flutes, reed pipes, and trumpets—are all well represented, though the second of these is more restricted in distribution than the others. Idiophones of Islamic Africa are mainly those of the Middle East or derivations thereof.

What instruments are used in Africa?

African musical instruments include a wide range of drums, slit gongs, rattles and double bells, different types of harps, and harp-like instruments such as the Kora and the ngoni, as well as fiddles, many kinds of xylophone and lamellophone such as the mbira, and different types of wind instrument like flutes and …

What are the traditional African Chordophone instruments?

Chordophones. This class, comprising instruments that produce sound from strings stretched between fixed points, is well represented in Africa. There is an abundance of specimens in the form of zithers, lutes, and harps.

What are the African Idiophone instruments?

Idiophone

  • Percussion instrument.
  • Musical instrument.
  • Xylophone.
  • Cymbal.
  • Rattle.
  • Slit drum.
  • Jew’s harp.
  • Scraper.
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What was the most important instrument in African music?

Drums are the basic instrument for most African music. Each group of people uses a special type of its own. Though mostly of wood, drums can be gourds, turtle shells and clay pots. Drums have many uses in Africa.

What is the oldest African instrument?

The bolon is one of the oldest of the West African stringed instruments and was originally associated with the hunting and warrior traditions.

What was the first instrument in Africa?

Played like the xylophone, the balafon is a percussion instrument and can be found in Ghana, Ivory Coast, Mali, and Burkina Faso. It has been in recorded history since the 14th century and according to oral history (told by griots) the instrument originated from Mali.

What are the 5 kinds of African music?

14 African musical styles for you to explore

  • Soukous. Soukous is a form of music that stems from rumba. …
  • JuJu. Juju style originally came from Nigeria, a country which has produced many styles that managed to spread all around West African countries, including juju, jaija, fuji, ozzidi, palm-wine, highlife and afrobeat. …
  • Mbalax. …
  • Zilin. …
  • Gnawa. …
  • Mbaqanga. …
  • Chimurenga. …
  • Majika.

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What are the 5 most important features of African music?

Aerophones (wind)

  • Flutes (bamboo, horn)
  • Ocarinas.
  • Panpipes.
  • Horns from animal tusks.
  • Trumpets wood or metal.
  • Pipes being single or double reeds.
  • Whistle.

What are the 5 types of musical instruments?

Musical instruments

There are five main instrument families: strings, woodwind, brass, keyboards, and percussion.

What is the best known drum in Africa?

The djembe is the most well-known African drum around the world.

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What is the most distinctive feature of all African musical instrument?

Slit drums

Falling between rhythmic and melodic instruments, the largest and most distinctive member of the African struck-idiophone family is the slit drum, made from a hollowed log. By careful thinning of the flanks at certain places, the instrument may be tuned so as to yield as many as four distinct pitches.

What are Electrophones?

Electrophone, any of a class of musical instruments in which the initial sound either is produced by electronic means or is conventionally produced (as by a vibrating string) and electronically amplified. … Electronically amplified conventional instruments include guitars, pianos, and others.

Did the banjo originate in Africa?

Banjo, stringed musical instrument of African origin, popularized in the United States by slaves in the 19th century, then exported to Europe. Several African stringed instruments have similar names—e.g., bania, banju.

How did African music start?

Early attempts at notating African music were made by T.E. … The single and double iron bells, which probably originated in Kwa-speaking West Africa, spread to western Central Africa with Iron Age Bantu-speaking peoples and from there to Zimbabwe and the Zambezi River valley.

What instruments did slaves use?

In addition to their singing, slaves played a variety of instruments, including drums, musical bow, quills or panpipes, and a xylophone called a balafo. These African instruments did not have the widespread impact that another African instrument, the banjo, did.

Hai Afrika!