Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically and ethnoculturally, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. According to the United Nations, it consists of all African countries and territories that are fully or partially south of the Sahara.
Why do they call it Sub-Saharan Africa?
Arab writers referred to the region south of the Sahara as bilad al-sudan, or “land of the blacks”. The term was used to describe a larger area than modern-day Sudan, stretching roughly from Senegal to Ethiopia. Some 18th-century British mapmakers simply translated it as “Negroland”.
What is included in Sub-Saharan Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, …
What is the meaning of sub-Saharan Africa?
: of, relating to, or being the part of Africa south of the Sahara.
What geographic area does sub-Saharan refer to?
Sub-Saharan Africa is the term used to describe those countries of the African continent that are not considered part of North Africa. In 19th Century Europe and the Western world, the area was sometimes referred to as Black Africa.
What is the difference between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa?
Although Sub-Sahara has diverse ethnics, they are not always difference. Sub-Sahara have a distinct characteristic. North Africa on the other side is closer to Europe and Middle East, adding with Arab, Ottoman, French, Spanish, Italian and British influence with indigenous Amazighs, they have become very different.
What are the main boundaries that define sub-Saharan Africa?
1. What are the main boundaries that define Sub-Saharan Africa? The Sub-Saharan Africa includes the African countries south of the Sahara Desert. The main boundaries are between the four major parts -Central Africa, East Africa, West Africa, and Southern Africa.
Which countries are not in sub-Saharan Africa?
The only African countries that are not in the Sub-Sahara are 5 North African ones (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia).
How many countries are found in sub-Saharan Africa?
The UN Development Program lists 46 of Africa’s 54 countries as “sub-Saharan,” excluding Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan and Tunisia. This doesn’t make geographical sense—four countries included are on the Sahara, while Eritrea is deemed “sub-Saharan” but its southern neighbor Djibouti isn’t.
Why is sub-Saharan not developed?
There simply was not plenty of arable land for agricultural development in most of sub-Saharan Africa relative to what was found in areas around the Nile and Tigris & Euphrates (aka the Fertile Crescent). … There just aren’t the same contexts in Africa for the civilizational developments we see in Europe or Asia.
What are the major religions of sub-Saharan Africa?
Christianity and Islam are the two dominant religions in sub-Saharan Africa, together accounting for more than 93% of the population.
What is the climate of sub-Saharan Africa?
Climates: Most of sub-Saharan Africa has a tropical climate. This is because seventy percent of the continent lies between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn. Temperatures average around 64 degrees year round everywhere except at the more temperate southern tip of the continent and in cooler upland zones.
Is Sub-Saharan Africa poor?
Half of the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have poverty rates higher than 35%. These numbers become even more alarming when compared with the levels of extreme poverty in other regions. Of the top 20 economies with poverty rate estimates in PovcalNet, 18 are in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Why is Northern Africa distinguished or different from Sub-Saharan Africa?
North Africa is predominantly Arab and relatively more developed. Many residents identify more with the Middle East than they do with the larger part of the continent. … But when it comes to an African identity, some sub-Saharan Africans believe they have more claim to the continent than their northern counterparts.
Where is the desert in Africa?
Sand dunes in the Sahara, near Merzouga, Morocco. The Sahara is the world’s largest desert; it extends across most of the northern part of Africa.
What biome is sub-Saharan Africa?
Tropical and subtropical savannahs and grasslands: Sub-Saharan Africa’s largest biome is a mosaic of grasslands, woodlands, bushlands, thickets, and semi-arid drylands that are maintained by fire and grazing. East and Southern Africa’s miombo and mopane savannah-woodland ecosystems are included in this ecosystem.