The Scramble for Africa, also known as the Race for Africa or Partition of Africa was a process of invasion , occupation, colonization and annexation of African territory by European powers during the New Imperialism period between 1881 and World War I in 1914.
What does the term scramble for Africa refer to?
The Scramble for Africa refers to the period between roughly 1884 and 1914, when the European colonisers partitioned the – up to that point – largely unexplored African continent into protectorates, colonies and ‘free-trade areas’.
What does the scramble for Africa refer to quizlet?
The Scramble for Africa refers to the period between roughly 1884 and 1914 when the European colonisers partitioned the – up to that point – largely unexplored African continent into protectorates, colonies and ‘free-trade areas’. You just studied 5 terms!
Why was it called the scramble for Africa quizlet?
What was the Scramble for Africa? The discovery of diamonds (1867) and gold (1886) in South Africa increased European interest in the continent. This competition or race for land and materials is known as the Scramble for Africa.
What did the scramble for Africa do to Africa?
The ‘Scramble for Africa’ – the artificial drawing of African political boundaries among European powers in the end of the 19th century – led to the partitioning of several ethnicities across newly created African states.
What was the main reason for the scramble for Africa?
The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. During this time of colonisation, an economic depression was occurring in Europe, and powerful countries such as Germany, France, and Great Britain, were losing money.
What is the scramble?
1 : the act or an instance of scrambling: such as. a : the act of moving or climbing over something quickly especially on all fours a scramble over the boulders. b : a jostling and pushing for possession a scramble for the ball. c : an eager and unceremonious or unscrupulous struggle a scramble for power.
When did the scramble for Africa begin quizlet?
Terms in this set (13)
The occupation, division, and colonization of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914.
Which of the following most influenced the scramble for Africa?
The factors contributing to the European’s conquest of Africa were:
- Europeans had technological superiority (Maxim gun)
- Invention of the steam engine (boats) allowed Europeans to easily travel rivers.
- Railroads, cables, steamships allowed communication within a colony and its controlling nation.
How did the scramble for Africa begin quizlet?
How did the Scramble for colonies in Africa begin? … The Berlin Conference of 1884-85 was a meeting between European nations to create rules on how to peacefully divide Africa among them them for colonization.
Which two nations had control of the greatest amount of territory in Africa?
Which two nations had control of the greatest amount of territory in Africa? French and britain 3. Using the information from the website briefly describe the European imperialism in Africa before the 19th century.
Who seems to be the winners of the scramble for Africa?
Within forty years, by 1914 and the end of the scramble for Africa, Great Britain dominated the breadth of the African continent from Egypt to South Africa, as well as Nigeria and the Gold Coast; the French occupied vast expanses of west Africa; the Germans boasted control over modern-day Tanzania and Namibia; the …
What are four reasons for imperialism?
Four reasons for imperialism are money, national pride, racism, and religion. Europeans wanted colonies to provide raw materials for their factories and to sell their goods in the new colonies.
When did the scramble for Africa happen?
1885 – 1914
What were the long term effects of imperialism in Africa?
British desire for natural resources, slave labors and political dominance brought about long-term effects to South Africa, the negative effects include widespread racial discrimination and economic exploitation, but there were few positive effects which were the advances in agriculture, mining industry and education.
What were the negative effects of colonialism in Africa?
Some of the negative impacts that are associated with colonization include; degradation of natural resources, capitalist, urbanization, introduction of foreign diseases to livestock and humans. Change of the social systems of living. Nevertheless, colonialism too impacted positively on the economies and social systems.