MENA countries continue to face numerous long-term socio-economic and institutional challenges including high unemployment (especially youth unemployment), low female labour-market participation rates, the poor quality of education, costly and ineffective public sectors, high military and security spending, high energy …
What is the economy of North Africa?
Today the country is the world’s third biggest producer of phosphate. Coal, mineral oil and natural gas, but also lead, copper and iron ore belong to the many natural resources of Morocco. Further significant branches of industry are metal processing, chemicals, foodstuffs, textiles, leather and consumer goods.
What is the biggest crisis for the Middle East and North Africa?
In the 2010s, the economic situation in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) deteriorated as a result of lower oil and other commodity prices, a new round of domestic political instability, continuous intra-regional conflicts, stalled economic and governance reforms and, finally, the COVID-19 pandemic.
What separates North Africa from the rest of Africa?
North Africa is separated from Subsaharan Africa by the African Transition Zone, a transitional area between Islamic-dominated North Africa and animist- and Christian-dominated Subsaharan Africa. It is also a transition between the Sahara Desert and the tropical type A climates of Africa’s equatorial region.
What is North Africa covered by?
The area is 6 million square kilometres, of which 94 percent is in the desert ecosystems of the North African Sahara.  The forest cover in this subregion is among the lowest in the world at around 1 percent of the land surface (Figure 13-1).
Chapter 13. North Africa.
|Land area||238 174|
|Forest area 2000||1 427|
Will Africa ever be rich?
Africa is a resource-rich continent. Recent growth has been due to growth in sales in commodities, services, and manufacturing. West Africa, East Africa, Central Africa and Southern Africa in particular, are expected to reach a combined GDP of $29 trillion by 2050.
Why is North Africa rich?
North Africa is an economically prosperous area, generating one-third of Africa’s total GDP. Oil production is high in Libya. Geographically, the region instersects the Arab World and Africa. With a strong islamic population, North Africa was the center of the Arab uprising of 2011.
What does the Middle East and North Africa have in common?
The Middle East and North Africa are two regions that are often grouped together because they have many things in common. Islam is the dominant religion in the area and almost everyone speaks Arabic. Most of the Middle East and North Africa is composed of desert land where very little rain falls.
Which countries make up MENA?
MENA countries consist of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.
How many countries are in the Middle East 2020?
The Middle East comprises seventeen countries in total.
What are two reasons for North Africa’s dry climate?
The dry subtropical climate of the northern Sahara is caused by stable high-pressure cells centred over the Tropic of Cancer. The annual range of average daily temperatures is about 36 °F (20 °C). Winters are relatively cold in the northern regions and cool in the central Sahara.
What is the language of North Africa?
North Africa, mainly Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Libya, northern Mali and northern Niger; smaller Berber-speaking populations in Burkina Faso, Egypt, Mauritania and the Spanish city of Melilla. Berber-speaking populations are dominant in the coloured areas of modern-day North Africa.
Why is North Africa a desert?
The answer lies in the climate of the Arctic and northern high latitudes. … However, around 5,500 years ago there was a sudden shift in climate in northern Africa leading to rapid acidification of the area. What was once a tropical, wet, and thriving environment suddenly turned into the desolate desert we see today.
What 5 countries make up North Africa?
North Africa, region of Africa comprising the modern countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya.
What is the standard of living in North Africa?
North Africa has an average standard of living compared to the rest of the world, and a much higher standard of living than countries in sub-Saharan Africa. This is mainly due to oil income. Libya has the highest ranking (53) and Morocco the lowest (114). Life expectancy is average in North Africa.
Which resources are most valuable to North Africa?
North Africa has vast oil and natural gas deposits, the Sahara holds the most strategic nuclear ore, and resources such as coltan, gold, and copper, among many others, are abundant on the continent.