African wax print fabric, also know as kitenge and ankara fabric, is mass produced, colourful, 100% cotton cloth commonly worn and used to make clothing, accessories and other products in Africa.
What is African wax fabric made of?
They are industrially produced colorful cotton cloths with batik-inspired printing. One feature of these materials is the lack of difference in the color intensity of the front and back sides. The wax fabric can be sorted into categories of quality due to the processes of manufacturing.
How do you wash African wax fabric?
Soak the fabric for at least 15 minutes in cold water. Then wash at 30° C and rinse in cold water. Repeat until the water runs clear.
What is an African batik?
Batik is a well-respected, ancient art form and craft. It is a similar process used to make African print fabric but instead of using industrial printing machinery it is all done by hand! The fabrics are used to make traditional African clothing as well as modern Afrocentric clothing, accessories and homeware.
What is wax printed cotton?
Wax print is printed on both sides of the fabric, not one side like a screenprint. Wax print has two distinct irregularities: a slight misalignment of colour and design, plus a distinctive crackle effect caused by tiny cracks in the resin resist. We call these irregularities ‘the perfect imperfection’.
Why are African fabrics waxed?
Wax print fabrics are associated with African culture because of their tribal patterns and motifs. Each design and colour can reflect local traditions and symbols such as the tribe, marriage and social status of the wearer. Some African women use them as a non-verbal way of communication.
Is it OK to wear African wax print?
I’ve heard African designers in the U.S. say as long as people don’t wear printed pieces like an “African costume,” but instead, incorporate them into their own style, it’s fine for anyone to wear these prints.
Can I wash waxed cotton?
Barbour waxed cotton cannot be washed in hot water, dry cleaned or machine washed as this will remove the waterproofing wax and oils which cannot be replaced. The only way to clean a wax jacket is to brush off any dirt, and then wipe it down using cold water only.
How do you clean waxed fabric?
Start with plain water for cleaning. Hose it off, gently use a scrub brush, rinse, and let it dry. Less is more. For stubborn spots or stains a mild bar soap, flake soap, or saddle soap may help clean specific areas.
What is waxed fabric used for?
Waxed cotton is cotton impregnated with a paraffin or natural beeswax based wax, woven into or applied to the cloth. Popular from the 1920s to the mid-1950s, the product, which developed from the sailing industry in England and Scotland, became commonly used for waterproofing.
Where did batik originally come from?
Batik is an Indonesian technique of wax-resist dyeing applied to the whole cloth. This technique originated from the island of Java, Indonesia. Batik is made either by drawing dots and lines of the resist with a spouted tool called a canting, or by printing the resist with a copper stamp called a cap.
What is batik fabric?
A type of resist printing process in which wax is applied to the fabric in specific areas. When the wax hardens, the fabric is submerged in dye. … This fabric-dyeing method makes cotton look crackled. Batik fabric can typically be found in dresses and household décor.
Can you wash waxed fabric?
Never wash waxed canvas with warm or hot water, as that will release the protective coating, and stay away from abrasive soaps and detergents. No dry cleaning, no machine washing.
What is wax material?
Waxes are a diverse class of organic compounds that are hydrophobic, malleable solids near ambient temperatures. They include higher alkanes and lipids, typically with melting points above 40°C, melting to give low viscosity liquids. Waxes are insoluble in water but soluble in organic, non-polar solvents.
Where are African fabrics made?
But when we refer to these fabric as “African,” we’re missing a much larger story; this type of fabric is traditionally designed and manufactured by Europeans in European factories for export to West Africa—and the designs are derived from patterns that European designers adapted from traditional Indonesian batik.