The population density in Western Africa is 66 per Km2 (172 people per mi2). The total land area is 6,064,060 Km2 (2,341,346 sq. miles) 47.7 % of the population is urban (191,841,724 people in 2019). The median age in Western Africa is 18.2years.
What is the population distribution of Africa?
In Africa, 90% of the population is concentrated in less than 21% of the land surface and the average per-person travel time to settlements of more than 50,000 inhabitants is around 3.5 hours, with Central and East Africa displaying the longest average travel times.
What is the population in West Africa?
The population of West Africa is estimated at about 381 million people as of 2018, and at 381,981,000 as of 2017, of which 189,672,000 are female and 192,309,000 male.
Where is most of West Africa population concentrated?
The map of population densities (above) shows higher population densities in Nigeria than in any other West African country. Indeed, almost half of West Africans are Nigerian, and with over 172 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in the entire African continent.
What are the population patterns in Africa?
The number of Africa’s inhabitants is likely to triple Page 5 PATTERNS OF POPULATION GROWTH IN AFRICA 47 in size, going from 470 million in 1980 to slightly over one and a half billion in 2025, a gain of more than one billion persons or 228 per cent (Table 1).
What are the factors affecting population distribution in Africa?
The main factors determining population distribution are : climate, landforms, topography, soil, energy and mineral resources, accessibility like distance from sea coast, natural harbours, navigable rivers or canals, cultural factors, political boundaries, controls on migration and trade, government policies, types of …
What is the black population of Africa?
As of 2019, South Africa’s population increased and counted approximately 58.4 million inhabitants in total, of which the majority (roughly 47.4 million) were Black Africans. Individuals with an Indian or Asian background formed the smallest population group, counting approximately 1.45 million people overall.
What are the problems in West Africa?
However, other forms of political violence and new threats have emerged such as election related violence, longstanding ethno-national conflict, drug trafficking, maritime piracy, and extremism. Other stresses include youth inclusion, migration, the rapid development of extractive industries, and land management.
What is the least populated country in West Africa?
The Krio people are the smallest ethnic group in the country. There are about 3,500 non-Africans living in the country, including Europeans, according to the World Population Review. There are at least 10 languages spoken in Gambia.
Which country is the biggest in West Africa?
Chad, Mali, Mauritania and the Niger are by far the largest countries of West Africa, with a total land area accounting for almost 65 percent of the subregion, although mostly desert.
Chapter 14. West Africa.
|Land area||122 019|
|Forest area 2000||13 172|
What country in Africa has the most successful economy?
List of African countries by GDP (nominal)
|Rank||Country||Nominal GDP ($ billions)|
Is West Africa overpopulated?
In sum, Africa is not overpopulated, but it does have high population growth rates in comparison to other continents, and that growth is straining urban infrastructures and producing environmental problems that are compounded by climate change.
What is the most densely populated country in West Africa?
Mauritius had the highest population density level in Africa as of 2020, with some 626.5 inhabitants per square kilometer. The country has also one of the smallest territories on the continent, which contributes to the high density.
Why is Africa urbanizing so quickly?
Notably, the OECD report argues that since 1990, Africa’s rapid growth in urbanization has been driven primarily by high population growth and the reclassification of rural settlements.
Which country has the highest population in African?
Nigeria has the largest population in Africa. As of 2021, the country counts 206 million individuals, whereas Ethiopia, which ranked second, had 115 million inhabitants.
Which race has the largest population on earth?
The world’s largest ethnic group is Han Chinese, with Mandarin being the world’s most spoken language in terms of native speakers. The world’s population is predominantly urban and suburban, and there has been significant migration toward cities and urban centres.