Tropical rainfall forests (equatorial) • Mountain/ montane forests • Mangrove forests. Planting of trees in East Africa is as old as agriculture since people have always planted both food crops and trees.
What type of vegetation covers most of East Africa?
Tropical grassland covers most of the continent. One example of this grassland is the Serengeti Plain in northern Tanzania. Its dry climate and hard soil prevent the growth of trees and many crops, but these conditions are perfect for growing grass.
What is the vegetation in East Africa?
Abstract. The modern vegetation of East Africa is a complex mosaic of rainforest patches; small islands of tropic-alpine vegetation; extensive savannas, ranging from almost pure grassland to wooded savannas; thickets; and montane grassland and forest.
What is the main vegetation in Africa?
Tropical grasslands are called savannas. They do well in weather that is warm year-round and usually pretty dry. The most famous savannas are in Africa. Serengeti National Park, in Tanzania, has three distinct types of savanna grassland: long grass, intermediate grass, and short grass.
Which natural vegetation zone is common along the coast of East Africa?
The Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane Coastal Forest Mosaic ecoregion, together with the Eastern Arc Montane Forests, together harbor densities of plant species that are among the highest in the world.
What are 4 general vegetation types found in Africa?
Thorn woodland, grassland, and semidesert vegetation.
Why does Africa have no vegetation?
The vegetation of Africa follows very closely the distribution of heat and moisture. The northern and southern temperate zones have a flora distinct from that of the continent generally, which is tropical. … The zones of minimum rainfall have a very scanty flora, consisting of plants adapted to resist the great dryness.
How many types of natural vegetation are there in East Africa?
The map distinguishes 48 vegetation types, divided in four main vegetation groups: 16 forest types, 15 woodland and wooded grassland types, 5 bushland and thicket types and 12 other types. Furthermore, a number of compound vegetation types are mapped, which include vegetation mosaics, catena’s and transitional zones.
What plants are found in Burundi?
There is little forest left; Burundi is one of the most eroded and deforested countries in all of tropical Africa. Of the remaining trees, the most common are eucalyptus, acacia, fig, and oil palms along the lakeshores. There are over 2,500 species of plants. Wildlife was abundant before the region became agricultural.
What is the east coast of Africa called?
Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, and the disputed Somaliland – collectively known as the Horn of Africa. The area is the easternmost projection of the African continent. Comoros, Mauritius, and Seychelles – small island nations in the Indian Ocean.
What are the four types of vegetation?
Types of Natural Vegetation in India
- Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests.
- Deciduous or Monsoon Type of Forests.
- Dry Deciduous Forests.
- Mountain Forests.
- Tidal or Mangrove Forests.
- Semi-Desert and Desert Vegetations.
What are some plants that live in Africa?
Notable African Savanna Plants
- Acacia Tree. One of the rare trees to thrive in the savanna, the acacia is one of the most iconic sights in the grasslands. …
- Baobab Tree. Another iconic sight on the savanna is the baobab tree. …
- Candelabra Tree. …
- Elephant Grass. …
- Jackal Berry Tree. …
- Whistling Thorn.
Is there a pattern to the vegetation zones in Africa?
In general, Africa is a warm and dry continent, and patterns of rainfall largely determine vegetation patterns because of the plants’ dependence on water availability (Fig. … For the most part, rain falls during the summer.
Why is there no rainforest in East Africa?
the formation of forests on the coastal regions requires rainfall. … in the case of east coast of africa cold ocean currents move along the coast due to which they keep the moisture winds away as there is no heating and no formation of low pressure and hence no incoming moisture .
How many countries are in East Africa?
The UN subregion of East Africa consists of 20 countries in the eastern part of the continent. These countries include some of the poorest nations in the world situated in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes regions.
Are there forests in East Africa?
The East African montane forests is a montane tropical moist forest ecoregion of eastern Africa. The ecoregion comprises several separate areas above 2000 meters in the mountains of South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania.