Geography. North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara desert in the south, the Atlas Mountains in the west, and the Nile River and delta in the east. The Atlas Mountains extend across much of northern Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.
What are four major landforms in North Africa?
The Sahara’s major landforms include ergs, large seas of sand that sometimes form into huge dunes; the hammada, a level rocky plateau without soil or sand; and the reg, a level plain of gravel or small stones. The Sahara covers the southern part of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, and most of Libya.
What are 5 landforms in northern Africa?
Climate and landforms are strongly linked here since it is the presence of a specific landform – the Atlas mountains – that creates the desert conditions farther east.
- Atlas Mountains. …
- Mountain Climate. …
- Sahara Climate. …
- Sahara Landforms.
What are 3 major landforms in Africa?
Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
What type of landforms can be found in Africa?
What types of landforms are found in Africa? Rift valleys, mountains, and plateaus.
Is North Africa hot or cold?
Current Climatology of North Africa
Along the coast, North Africa has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers, with ample rainfall of approximately 400 to 600 mm per year.
Why is North Africa Arab?
This ethnic identity is a product of the Arab conquest of North Africa during the Arab–Byzantine wars and the spread of Islam to Africa. … The descendants of the original Arab settlers who continue to speak Arabic as a first language currently form the single largest population group in North Africa.
Do people live in Northern Africa?
Population: The population in North Africa is 195 million people (2007). In Western Sahara, the population is sparsely populated. … Egypt is the most populace with 73.4 million people, and 95 percent of the population lives within 12 miles of the Nile River.
What are 2 reasons for North Africa’s dry climate?
The dry subtropical climate of the northern Sahara is caused by stable high-pressure cells centred over the Tropic of Cancer. The annual range of average daily temperatures is about 36 °F (20 °C). Winters are relatively cold in the northern regions and cool in the central Sahara.
What is the largest landform in Africa?
The Ethiopian Highlands form the largest continuous area of its altitude in the whole continent, with little of its surface falling below 1500 m (4,921 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4550 m (14,928 ft). It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa for its height and large area.
What is Africa famous for?
Africa is known for Mount Kilimanjaro, Victoria Falls, Nile river, and game reserves such as the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. Africa is also famous for its diverse ethnic groups, Egyptian Pyramids, the Sahara Desert, Mining, and for being the second driest, and the poorest continent in the world.
What are the 10 largest nations in Africa?
Here is a list of the top ten largest countries in square miles:
- Sudan (728,022 square miles)
- Libya (679,192 square miles)
- Chad (495,624 square miles)
- Niger (489,062 square miles)
- Angola (481,226 square miles)
- Mali (478,714 square miles)
- South Africa (47,320 square miles)
- Ethiopia (426, 260 square miles)
What are the 5 regions of Africa?
The UN Statistics Division has subdivided the African continent into five regions, Northern Africa, Central or Middle Africa , Southern Africa, East Africa, and Western Africa.
What landform covers most of Africa?
A huge plateau covers most of Africa. It rises inland from narrow lowlands along the coast. Except for the coasts of Mozambique and Somalia, much of the continent lies at least 1,000 feet above sea level. This plateau is Africa’s most prominent physical feature.
What are different kinds of vegetation growing in Africa?
The major vegetation types are desert and semi-desert scrubland, Acacia-Commiphora woodland and bushland, wooded grassland of the western Gambella region, Combretum-Terminalia woodland and wooded grassland, dry evergreen Afromontane forest and grassland complex, moist evergreen Afromontane forest, transitional …
What are two major natural features in North Africa?
Three main physical features of North Africa are the Atlas Mountains, the Sahara Desert, and the Nile River. Most of North Africa’s population lives along the Mediterranean coast or along the Nile River.