What role did the geography of Sub-Saharan Africa play in its history? (multiple choice) Escarpments aided European colonization efforts. European countries colonized the region to access its natural resources. Natural resources brought power and prosperity to early kingdoms.
What role did geography play in the development of Africa?
The geography of Africa helped to shape the history and development of the culture and civilizations of Ancient Africa. The geography impacted where people could live, important trade resources such as gold and salt, and trade routes that helped different civilizations to interact and develop.
What is the geography of Sub-Saharan Africa?
In addition to an array of landforms from rift valleys to mountains to deserts, Sub-Saharan Africa contains a wide variety of climate zones and precipitation patterns. In general, the continent is relatively hot with temperate climates in the higher elevations.
What is Sub-Saharan Africa known for?
Nubia in her greatest phase is considered sub-Saharan Africa’s oldest urban civilisation. Nubia was a major source of gold for the ancient world. Nubians built famous structures and numerous pyramids. Sudan, the site of ancient Nubia, has more pyramids than anywhere else in the world.
How did geography affect movement in Africa?
The geography of the land plays a significant role in the migration patterns of people, and as such, their cultural habits. Africa and the Middle East exemplify the ways in which natural boundaries can enable or prevent cultural diffusion between different groups in a particular region.
What were the major kingdoms of ancient Africa and what led to their rise and fall?
What patterns are repeated in Ghana, Mali, and Songhai? Answer: The causes for all three kingdoms to rise and fall were based on leadership and economic issues. Ghana rose as a result of a good economy and fell as a result of losing its monopoly on profitable trade routes.
Why is Africa called the mother continent?
Africa is sometimes nicknamed the “Mother Continent” due to its being the oldest inhabited continent on Earth. Humans and human ancestors have lived in Africa for more than 5 million years.
What are the major physical features of sub-Saharan Africa?
Top 10 Physical Features of Sub-Saharan Africa
- Sahara. The Sahara is the world’s largest desert, stretching across almost all of Africa due to recent droughts.
- Niger River. The Niger is the main route in western Africa, used for trade and agriculture. …
- Lake Volta. …
- Lake Tanganyika. …
- Lake Victoria. …
- The Great Rift Valley. …
- Lake Chad. …
- Congo River. …
What is the climate of sub-Saharan Africa?
Climates: Most of sub-Saharan Africa has a tropical climate. This is because seventy percent of the continent lies between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn. Temperatures average around 64 degrees year round everywhere except at the more temperate southern tip of the continent and in cooler upland zones.
Why is sub-Saharan poor?
While the root causes of poverty in Sub-saharan Africa are not different from the causes of poverty anywhere else, poverty has been growing in Sub-saharan Africa due to the long-term impacts of external factors like war, genocide, famine, and land availability.
Why do they call it Sub-Saharan Africa?
Arab writers referred to the region south of the Sahara as bilad al-sudan, or “land of the blacks”. The term was used to describe a larger area than modern-day Sudan, stretching roughly from Senegal to Ethiopia. Some 18th-century British mapmakers simply translated it as “Negroland”.
What percentage of Africa is black?
Black Africans made up 79.0% of the total population in 2011 and 81% in 2016. The percentage of all African households that are made up of individuals is 19.9%.
Is Sub-Saharan Africa poor?
Half of the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have poverty rates higher than 35%. These numbers become even more alarming when compared with the levels of extreme poverty in other regions. Of the top 20 economies with poverty rate estimates in PovcalNet, 18 are in Sub-Saharan Africa.
What is the physical geography of Africa?
Africas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
How many countries does Africa have?
There are 54 countries in Africa today, according to the United Nations.
Why is Africa a continent and not a country?
The most important thing to know — and we know you know this, but it must be said —is that Africa is not a country. … It’s so diverse because Africa is really, really big — about as big as the combined landmasses of China, the United States, India, Japan and much of Europe.