With the exception of Southern Africa, virtually the entirety of the sub-Saharan region lies in the tropics and, as such, generally tends to exhibit the characteristics of tropical and subtropical climatic zones.
What is the climate in sub-Saharan Africa?
Climates: Most of sub-Saharan Africa has a tropical climate. This is because seventy percent of the continent lies between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn. Temperatures average around 64 degrees year round everywhere except at the more temperate southern tip of the continent and in cooler upland zones.
What are the major climatic regions of sub-Saharan Africa?
The six main climate zones of Africa are found to the north and south of the equator, namely, Equatorial, Humid Tropical, Tropical, Semi- desert (Sahalian), Mediterranean and Desert.
What types of climates are found in Africa?
The climate of Africa is a range of climates such as the equatorial climate, the tropical wet and dry climate, the tropical monsoon climate, the semi-arid climate (semi-desert and steppe), the desert climate (hyper-arid and arid), and the subtropical highland climate.
What are the 4 major climate zones of Africa?
The four climatic zones were distributed into Saharan, Sahelian, wet tropical and equatorial climate types.
Why is sub-Saharan poor?
While the root causes of poverty in Sub-saharan Africa are not different from the causes of poverty anywhere else, poverty has been growing in Sub-saharan Africa due to the long-term impacts of external factors like war, genocide, famine, and land availability.
What are the characteristics of sub-Saharan Africa?
In addition to an array of landforms from rift valleys to mountains to deserts, Sub-Saharan Africa contains a wide variety of climate zones and precipitation patterns. In general, the continent is relatively hot with temperate climates in the higher elevations.
What are the four sub regions of sub-Saharan Africa called?
Landforms Ecologically separated from North Africa by the sweeping and sparsely populated Sahara Desert, the sub-Saharan mainland consists of four vast and distinct regions: Central Africa, East Africa, West Africa, and Southern Africa.
What is the coldest country in Africa?
The tiny Kingdom of Lesotho is an exceptionally mountainous country, with the highest low point of any nation on Earth. It’s also the coldest country on the continent, with a record low of -4.7°F/ -20.4°C measured in Letseng-le-Draai in 1967.
What vegetation zone is most common in sub-Saharan Africa?
In fact only a small percentage of Africa, along the Guinea Coast and in the Zaire River Basin, are rainforests. Most of Africa’s forests, like the forests of Europe a nd North America, have been cut or burned by humans to create farmland. The largest vegetation zone in Africa is tropical grassland, known as savanna.
Which country has the best climate in Africa?
While you won’t say that looking at the past week, South Africa is actually world-renowned for its sunshiney weather. Which is why our beloved #Mzansi, along with Greece, Costa Rica and Cyprus, has made the rankings as one of the Top 10 Countries with the Best Weather and Climate.
Which is the best climate zone in Africa for farming?
Crops grow best where temperature, rainfall and climate are optimal for that specific crop.
Why is most of Africa warm?
Africa mainly lies within the intertropical zone between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. … Because of this geographical situation, Africa is a hot continent as the solar radiation intensity is always high.
What is the hottest place on earth?
Scientists still have to validate the reading of 130 degrees Fahrenheit on Sunday, the equivalent of 54 degrees Celsius. In the popular imagination, Death Valley in Southern California is the hottest place on earth.
What is the hottest country in the world?
Burkina Faso is the hottest country in the world. The average yearly temperature is 82.85°F (28.25°C). Located in West Africa, the northern region of Burkina Faso is covered by the Sahara Desert.
Does it ever get cold in Africa?
Temperature. South Africa has typical weather for the Southern Hemisphere, with the coldest days in June–August. … In winter temperatures can drop below freezing, also due to altitude. During winter it is warmest in the coastal regions, especially on the eastern Indian Ocean coast.