Which of the following was the chief means of social and political organization in African stateless societies?
Global I Chapter 15
|lineage groups||Chief means of social and political organization in African hunting and gathering societies|
|stateless societies||governed by elders of lineage groups, conflicts were settled by discussion and negotiation|
|West African Trade||salt carried on caravans going South|
How were stateless societies organized in Africa?
Stateless societies lacked a centralized hierarchy of government officials and a bureaucracy and instead were led by family groups that balanced the ruling power among them and made decisions together for the good of the whole society.
What type of society are the EFE?
What type of society are the Efe? A hunter-gathering, forest society.
What does it mean if an African society is matrilineal *?
What does it mean if an African society is matrilineal? They trace their ancestors through the mother.
Who broke away from Mali’s empire?
In the 1400s, the Shona people broke away from Mali rule and gained control of the all-important trade routes.
What was the Portuguese attitude toward the mutapa empire?
|conquest and trade||Islam spread throughout Africa through what?|
|Portuguese||Their attitude toward the Mutapa Empire can be described as meddlesome.|
|age-set system||The duties and roles associated with varying ages|
|Hausa||were located on important trade routes|
Do stateless societies still exist?
While stateless societies were the norm in human prehistory, few stateless societies exist today; almost the entire global population resides within the jurisdiction of a sovereign state, though in some regions nominal state authorities may be very weak and wield little or no actual power.
Why did Africa have so many stateless societies?
A major factor in this is population. Again, the greater the population, the more need there is for some form of government. With fewer than about 10,000 people, it was still possible for many African civilizations to remain stateless societies.
Where were the stateless societies in Africa?
The San (also called the Bushmen) lived in southern Africa and part of East Africa. Stateless societies did not have centralized power. Instead, power was balanced among lineage groups, usually within villages.
What was the source of great Zimbabwe’s wealth?
Great Zimbabwe was a center for trading, and its wealth was mostly acquired thanks to the trade of ivory, and more importantly, gold. Some estimates indicate that more than 20 million ounces of gold were extracted from the ground.
What sorts of food do the EFE hunt and gather?
What sort of food do the Efe hunt and gather in the Ituri Forest? Women gather roots, yams, mushrooms, and wild seeds. Men hunt duikers (small antelope), monkeys, and other mammals. They also trade honey, wild game, and other forest products for crops grown by farmers.
How is a dispute settled in EFE society?
How is a dispute settled in Efe society? Older males serve as group leaders who offer opinions. Families make their own decisions. Members resolve arguments through long discussions.
What did Portugal’s initial interest in Africa mostly seem to concern?
What did Portugal’s initial interest in Africa mostly seem to concern? Wanted to gain profits from the Asian trade.
Why did African trade routes shifted east?
Why did the African trade routes shift to the east several times? … it spread by conquest and through trade. What was the chief means of social and political organization in African stateless societies?
What does the word Bantu mean quizlet?
Bantu. Means “person” or “people”