Originally created in 1895 as a union of Senegal, French Sudan, French Guinea and Ivory Coast only, the federation was placed on a permanent footing in 1904. A governor-general was based first in Saint-Louis, then (from 1902) in Dakar (both in Senegal, the oldest French settlement).
What is the oldest French city in western Africa?
Saint-Louis, founded in 1659, is the oldest colonial city on the western African coast and was the administrative capital of the French West African territories of Mauritania and Senegal.
What was the capital of the French West Africa?
Following the abolition of the slave trade and French annexation of the mainland area in the 19th century, Dakar grew into a major regional port and a major city of the French colonial empire. In 1902, Dakar replaced Saint-Louis as the capital of French West Africa.
Why did the French colonize West Africa?
The main goal of colonizing West Africa was that they wanted to turn West African countries into a “French-state”. This means changing their way of living, making the official language French, making them convert into a new religion like Christianity. The French colonization changed the African culture.
Where did the French colonize in Africa?
French West Africa was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte d’Ivoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin), and Niger.
When did French West Africa break up?
French West Africa, French Afrique Occidentale Française (AOF), administrative grouping under French rule from 1895 until 1958 of the former French territories of West Africa: Senegal, French Guinea, the Ivory Coast, and the French Sudan, to which Dahomey was added in 1899.
Which West African countries speak French?
Some of West African countries that speak French are:
- Senegal. Officially it is Republic of Senegal. …
- Mali. Officially it is Republic of Mali. …
- Guinea. Officially it is Republic of Guinea. …
- Mauritania. Islamic Republic of Mauritania is the largest country in Africa. …
- Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) …
- Burkina Faso. …
- Togo. …
Does France still have colonies?
Since 1929, the size of the French empire has shrunk dramatically. But like other European colonial powers, the French empire never disappeared entirely. Today, you can find the vestiges of the French Empire in islands and territories located around the world.
When did the French start colonizing Africa?
The French presence in Africa dates to the 17th century, but the main period of colonial expansion came in the 19th century with the invasion of Ottoman Algiers in 1830, conquests in West and Equatorial Africa during the so-called scramble for Africa and the establishment of protectorates in Tunisia and Morocco in the …
Which country is Sudan French?
In 1960, the French Sudan formally became the Republic of Mali and began to distance itself further from Senegal and France.
|French Sudan Soudan français|
|• Federated with Senegal||1959|
Who colonized Africa first?
North Africa experienced colonisation from Europe and Western Asia in the early historical period, particularly Greeks and Phoenicians. Under Egypt’s Pharaoh Amasis (570–526 BC) a Greek mercantile colony was established at Naucratis, some 50 miles from the later Alexandria.
Why Africa was Colonised so quickly?
The European countries were able to colonise African countries rapidly because there were rivalries between African leaders. … European powers could easily take control of any source of land by using force and violence.
Why did France start colonizing?
Motivations for colonization: The French colonized North America to create trading posts for the fur trade. Some French missionaries eventually made their way to North America in order to convert Native Americans to Catholicism. … The French in particular created alliances with the Hurons and Algonquians.
Which African country is still Colonised?
Western Sahara is still colonized because it is rich in natural resources that became a sort of curse to the Saharawi people, and free stolen goods to those countries and governments exploiting it in complicity with Morocco. And the list of the guilty plunderers of this African country is huge.
How many countries in Africa are French?
French in Africa: 29 Countries Where French is Spoken. French is the official language of 21 countries in Africa.
How many countries did the French colonize?
During the Colonial period in Africa, the British and the French colonized more than 95% of the continent. The British colonized twenty-two African states while the French colonized twenty.