What is the social structure of South Africa?
NIDS identifies five main social classes: the elite, the stable middle class, the vulnerable middle class, the transitory poor and the chronic poor. “Only one in four South Africans are part of either the secure middle class or the elite.
What was the social structure of ancient Africa?
The most popular social structure of ancient Africa is known as the caste system which is consist of town leaders, religious chiefs, merchants, free citizens and slaves. In most cases, leaders are people who are considered to have discovered the settlement or community.
What is African social structure?
Under the system called APARTHEID, social groups were legally organized into a hierarchy, with whites at the top, followed by Indians, “Coloureds” (people of mixed race), and Africans at the bottom of the social ladder.
How was community previously understood in the South African context?
Community implies familiarity and closeness, and nearly always in a positive sense. In SA, the term community was originally used as a euphemism for race (TE Bosch Radio, community and identity in South Africa: A rhizomatic study of Bush Radio in Cape Town (PhD dissertation, Athens, OH, Ohio University, 2003) at 108).
Who is middle class in South Africa?
Although the African Development Bank describes as middle class in a developing economy anyone earning more than $2 per day, a study by John Simpson, director of the University of Cape Town’s Unilever Institute of Strategic Marketing, defines middle class South Africans as those who earn between $1,550 and $4,800 per …
Is South Africa a hierarchy?
Hierarchy in South Africa
The South African economy is dominated by large corporations with a relatively underdeveloped small and medium enterprise sector. Consequently, the traditional South African organizational structure is a pyramid, consisting of many layers with a strong vertical inclination.
What is the social structure of West Africa?
Visual Representation of the West Africa Caste System showing Clerics and Kings on the top of the hierarchy, Farmers and Warriors beneath them, Fishermen on the third layer, Weavers and Leatherworkers on the fourth layer and Smiths and Griots at the bottom layer.
Did Africa have a caste system?
Caste systems in Africa are a form of social stratification found in numerous ethnic groups, found in over fifteen countries, particularly in the Sahel, West Africa, and North Africa.
WHO classified African social system into two categories?
Answer. Answer: Its society, like many ethnic groups in Africa, had two category of people, the free locally called the fotsy, and the serfs or mainty. These were divided into three strata: the Andriana (nobles), the Hova (freemen), and the lowest strata called Andevo (slaves).
What is an example of a social structure?
Examples of social structure include family, religion, law, economy, and class. … On the macro scale, social structure pertains to the system of socioeconomic stratification (most notably the class structure), social institutions, or other patterned relations between large social groups.
Why is social structure important to society?
A. Functional Theory: Social structure is essential because it creates order and predictability in a society (Parsons, 1951). –Connects people to larger society through webbed pattern of social relationships (thus, homeless people are at a disadvantage ’cause little connections).
What was the social structure of sub Saharan Africa?
One common social structure among ethnic groups in sub-Saharan Africa is segmentary lineage organisation. Segmentary lineage societies are characterised by the foremost importance of kin relationships in determining individuals’ social and political allegiances, as well as their patterns of residence.
What are the two largest ethnic groups in Southern Africa?
The largest ethnic group in South Africa is the Zulu and the majority of them live in KwaZulu Natal Province and Gauteng Province. The second largest is the Xhosa group; they are located in the Eastern Cape Province and Western Cape Province.
What does the Department of Education do in South Africa?
The Department of Basic Education (DBE) is mandated to monitor the standards of education provision, delivery and performance across South Africa, annually or at other specified intervals, to assess compliance with provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa of 1996 and national education policy.
What is meant by community development?
Community development is a process where community members are supported by agencies to identify and take collective action on issues which are important to them. Community development empowers community members and creates stronger and more connected communities.