Social classes included leaders, merchants, religious leaders, labourers, free citizens and the slaves. The leaders were people who founded a community or settlement, their lineage naturally became the new leaders of the communities as the years went by.
What was the social structure of ancient Africa?
The most popular social structure of ancient Africa is known as the caste system which is consist of town leaders, religious chiefs, merchants, free citizens and slaves. In most cases, leaders are people who are considered to have discovered the settlement or community.
What was the social structure in West Africa?
Visual Representation of the West Africa Caste System showing Clerics and Kings on the top of the hierarchy, Farmers and Warriors beneath them, Fishermen on the third layer, Weavers and Leatherworkers on the fourth layer and Smiths and Griots at the bottom layer.
What is the social class of Africa?
This paradox clarifies the existing social inequalities in Africa, where the three groups, lower-middle class, upper-middle class, and “wealthy,” make up around 18% of the population and share around 40% of the income, while 82% of the population, the floating class (from two to four dollars per day) and the “poor,” …
What was Mali’s social structure?
The top of the social structure in the Mali Empire was the mansa or ruler, who controlled all the people within it. Next were the priests, and below that was the griots, which are historians and storytellers. Below the griots were the lowest social class, the slaves.
Did Africa have a caste system?
Caste systems in Africa are a form of social stratification found in numerous ethnic groups, found in over fifteen countries, particularly in the Sahel, West Africa, and North Africa.
WHO classified African social system into two categories?
Answer. Answer: Its society, like many ethnic groups in Africa, had two category of people, the free locally called the fotsy, and the serfs or mainty. These were divided into three strata: the Andriana (nobles), the Hova (freemen), and the lowest strata called Andevo (slaves).
Does Nigeria have a caste system?
In 1956, the legislature in southeastern Nigeria passed a statute outlawing the caste system, which then simply went underground.
Is there a class system in Nigeria?
Defining African socio-economic classes is difficult, and it is no different in Nigeria. … This paper will attempt to bring some of these class definitions to life by describing the lives of three Nigerians; one categorized as lower middle class, another as upper middle class, and a third in the upper class.
Why is social structure important to society?
A. Functional Theory: Social structure is essential because it creates order and predictability in a society (Parsons, 1951). –Connects people to larger society through webbed pattern of social relationships (thus, homeless people are at a disadvantage ’cause little connections).
Who are the middle class in Africa?
In its The Middle of the Pyramid report in 2011, the Africa Development Bank defined the middle class as persons with yearly incomes exceeding $3,900 (or a per capital expenditure of $2 to $20 day) while the World Bank broadly defines middle-class as those who earn $12 to $15 per day.
What is an example of a social structure?
Examples of social structure include family, religion, law, economy, and class. … On the macro scale, social structure pertains to the system of socioeconomic stratification (most notably the class structure), social institutions, or other patterned relations between large social groups.
What caused the fall of Mali?
The Mali Empire collapsed in the 1460s following civil wars, the opening up of trade routes elsewhere, and the rise of the neighbouring Songhai Empire, but it did continue to control a small part of the western empire into the 17th century.
How did Mali become wealthy?
Mansa Musa inherited a kingdom that was already wealthy, but his work in expanding trade made Mali the wealthiest kingdom in Africa. His riches came from mining significant salt and gold deposits in the Mali kingdom. Elephant ivory was another major source of wealth.
What is ancient Mali?
Mali, trading empire that flourished in western Africa from the 13th to the 16th century. … The Mali empire developed from the state of Kangaba, on the upper Niger River east of the Fouta Djallon, and is said to have been founded before 1000 ce.