The Great Trek led directly to the founding of several autonomous Boer republics, namely the South African Republic (also known simply as the Transvaal), the Orange Free State, and the Natalia Republic.
What was the Great Trek in Southern Africa?
Great Trek, Afrikaans Groot Trek, the emigration of some 12,000 to 14,000 Boers from Cape Colony in South Africa between 1835 and the early 1840s, in rebellion against the policies of the British government and in search of fresh pasturelands.
Why did the Voortrekkers leave the Cape?
The Voortrekkers traditionally have been depicted by English historians as economically backward people who left the Cape Colony as a protest against aspects of British rule, especially the ban on holding slaves (implemented after 1834) and British reluctance to take further land from the Xhosa for white settlement.
What were the effects of the Great Trek?
As a result of the Trek, the Afrikaners remained politically divided for many years. Furthermore, the Trek resulted in the cultural and economic isolation of the Boers. The Great Trek increased the conflicts between the Boers and indigenous tribes, but, on the other hand stimulated trade between black and white groups.
What were the reasons for the Great Trek?
Great Trek (1835–40) Migration of c. 12,000 Boers from Cape Colony into the South African interior. Their motives were to escape British control and to acquire cheap land. The majority settled in what became Orange Free State, Transvaal, and Natal.
What were the causes of great trek in South Africa?
The Great Trek was spurred by rising tensions between rural descendants of the Cape’s original, mostly Dutch, European colonists, known collectively as Boers, and the later, mostly British, colonists, who had taken control of the Cape on behalf of the British Empire.
What two republics did the Boers create?
Two of the Boer Republics achieved international recognition and complete independence: the South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek, ZAR; or Transvaal) and the Orange Free State.
What happened at Vegkop?
The Battle of Vegkop, alternatively spelt as Vechtkop, took place on 16 October 1836 near the present day town of Heilbron, Free State, South Africa. After an impi of about 600 Matebele murdered 15 to 17 Afrikaner voortrekkers on the Vaal River, abducting three children, King Mzilikazi (c.
Who were the Trek Boers in South Africa?
pastoralists—the Boers, also called trekboers—began to move inland beyond the Hottentots Holland Mountains with their own herds. The Khoekhoe chiefdoms were largely decimated by the end of the 18th century, their people either dead or reduced to conditions close to serfdom on colonial farms.
Why were the Dutch called Boers?
Page 3 – The Boers
The term Boer, derived from the Afrikaans word for farmer, was used to describe the people in southern Africa who traced their ancestry to Dutch, German and French Huguenot settlers who arrived in the Cape of Good Hope from 1652.
What was the result of the Boer Wars?
By 1902, the British had crushed the Boer resistance, and on May 31 of that year, the Peace of Vereeniging was signed, ending hostilities. The treaty recognized the British military administration over Transvaal and the Orange Free State, and authorized a general amnesty for Boer forces.
What was the result of the Mfecane?
Some tribes were scattered, others completely destroyed and new groups formed. The mfecane spread its influence over an enormous area stretching from the Cape Colony to East and Central Africa. It came to an end in mid-1800s and for a short while, had some links with the Great Trek.
What role did the Mfecane play in the Great Trek?
The major point of Mfecane: The Role Played by Blacks in the Great Trek, is that blacks trudging besides ox wagons out of the Cape and into the hinterland outnumbered white Trekkers.
What did the Voortrekkers eat?
Next to grilling the meat over an open fire, the “Voortrekkers” often made a stew of venison and whatever vegetables they could find, in a three-legged cast iron pot, hence the name “potjiekos” (potfood). As each animal was shot, it was cut up and added to the pot. The large bones were included to thicken the stew.
What were the causes of the Boer War?
Causes of the War
The expansion of the British Empire. Problems within the Transvaal government. The British annexation of the Transvaal. The Boer opposition to British rule in the Transvaal.
What was the great trek quizlet?
Great Trek. This was a mass migration in which thousands of Boers moved out of Cape Colony into the interior. This event occurred in 1835 because the British and the fiercely independent Boers clashed over many things, particularly the British determination to abolish slavery.