These colonies became the four original provinces of the Union: Cape Province, Transvaal Province, Natal Province and Orange Free State Province.
What were the four provinces of South Africa during apartheid?
The four old colonies became the provinces of the Union, namely the Cape Province, the Orange Free State, the Transvaal, and Natal.
How many provinces did South Africa have before 1994?
Before 1994, South Africa had four provinces: the Transvaal and Orange Free State, previously Boer republics, and Natal and the Cape, once British colonies.
How many provinces were there before 1994?
In 1994 the four original provinces of South Africa (Cape of Good Hope, Orange Free State, Transvaal, and Natal) and the four former independent homelands (Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda, and Ciskei) were reorganized into nine provinces: Western Cape, Northern Cape, Eastern Cape, North-West, Free State, Pretoria- …
Why was South Africa divided into provinces?
Before South Africa became a democracy in 1994 and established its new constitution in 1996, the country was divided into four provinces set aside for white people, and 10 “homelands”, small unsustainable states designated for black people.
Which is richest province in South Africa?
Gauteng is the richest province in South Africa, and that is perhaps the reason why it is the most populous in the country.
What was the original name of South Africa?
Name. The name “South Africa” is derived from the country’s geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English and Unie van Zuid-Afrika in Dutch, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies.
Which is South Africa’s smallest province?
Gauteng. Gauteng is the smallest of South Africa’s nine provinces but comprises the largest share of the South African population.
What is the 9 provinces of South Africa?
South Africa’s nine provinces are the Eastern Cape, the Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, the Northern Cape, North West and the Western Cape.
What was Limpopo called before 1994?
The province was formed from the northern region of Transvaal Province in 1994, and was initially named Northern Transvaal.
What was Limpopo province called before?
The Limpopo Province covers the Area that lies northernmost in South Africa, just South of Zimbabwe. It was first called the Northern Province, but this was changed in 2002. The Limpopo Province was part of the old Transvaal and includes many old homelands like Venda, Gazankulu and Lebowa.
What was North West province called before 1994?
North West, also spelled North-West, province, north-central South Africa. It was created in 1994 from portions of Transvaal and Cape of Good Hope provinces.
How many homelands were there in apartheid South Africa?
The policy of separate development sought to assign every black African to a ‘homeland’ according to their ethnic identity. Ten homelands were created to rid South Africa of its black citizens, opening the way for massed forced removals.
Why did South Africa have apartheid?
Who Started Apartheid in South Africa? … Their goal was not only to separate South Africa’s white minority from its non-white majority, but also to separate non-whites from each other, and to divide black South Africans along tribal lines in order to decrease their political power.
What were the homelands in South Africa?
In total, ten homelands were created in South Africa. These were the Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Ciskei, Venda, Gazankulu, KaNgwane, KwaNdebele, KwaZulu, Lebowa, and QwaQwa. The homelands were designed for specific ethnic groups.
Who colonized South Africa?
Increased European encroachment ultimately led to the colonisation and occupation of South Africa by the Dutch. The Cape Colony remained under Dutch rule until 1795 before it fell to the British Crown, before reverting back to Dutch Rule in 1803 and again to British occupation in 1806.