Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically and ethnoculturally, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. According to the United Nations, it consists of all African countries and territories that are fully or partially south of the Sahara.
What is the geography of Sub-Saharan Africa?
In addition to an array of landforms from rift valleys to mountains to deserts, Sub-Saharan Africa contains a wide variety of climate zones and precipitation patterns. In general, the continent is relatively hot with temperate climates in the higher elevations.
What geographic area does sub-Saharan refer to?
Sub-Saharan Africa is the term used to describe those countries of the African continent that are not considered part of North Africa. In 19th Century Europe and the Western world, the area was sometimes referred to as Black Africa.
Which countries are in sub-Saharan Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, …
Is Sub-Saharan Africa a desert?
Anywhere south of the desert is, geographically, “sub-Saharan”. The first problem is that some countries, like Mauritania, are mostly in the desert itself. And the confusion runs deeper. Consider Somalia and Djibouti, both in the Horn of Africa.
What is the climate of sub-Saharan Africa?
Climates: Most of sub-Saharan Africa has a tropical climate. This is because seventy percent of the continent lies between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn. Temperatures average around 64 degrees year round everywhere except at the more temperate southern tip of the continent and in cooler upland zones.
What is Sub-Saharan Africa known for?
Nubia in her greatest phase is considered sub-Saharan Africa’s oldest urban civilisation. Nubia was a major source of gold for the ancient world. Nubians built famous structures and numerous pyramids. Sudan, the site of ancient Nubia, has more pyramids than anywhere else in the world.
Why is sub-Saharan isolated?
Many Sub-Saharan African visa policies are much less strict than of those in Europe and North America . So in conclusion, the reason why this part of the World may seem so isolated to others may be because the region is mainly still developing, and therefore may not be as culturally or socially important.
What is the difference between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa?
North Africa is predominantly Arab and relatively more developed. Many residents identify more with the Middle East than they do with the larger part of the continent. … But when it comes to an African identity, some sub-Saharan Africans believe they have more claim to the continent than their northern counterparts.
Is Sudan a sub-Saharan African?
The UN Development Program lists 46 of Africa’s 54 countries as “sub-Saharan,” excluding Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan and Tunisia.
What is the poorest country in sub-Saharan Africa?
Nigeria has the largest poor population in Sub-Saharan Africa (79 million extreme poor). It accounts for around 20% of the total poor in the region and is one of the economies with the largest number of extreme poor in the world.
What’s the richest country in Africa?
1 | NIGERIA – THE RICHEST COUNTRY IN AFRICA (GDP: $446.543 Billion) GDP: $446.543 Billion (nominal, 2019 est.)
What are the two largest countries in sub-Saharan Africa?
List of African countries by area
|1||Algeria||2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi)|
|2||DR Congo||2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)|
|3||Sudan||1,861,484 km2 (718,723 sq mi)|
|4||Libya||1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)|
Which countries are not sub-Saharan Africa?
The only African countries that are not in the Sub-Sahara are 5 North African ones (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia).
Why is sub-Saharan not developed?
There simply was not plenty of arable land for agricultural development in most of sub-Saharan Africa relative to what was found in areas around the Nile and Tigris & Euphrates (aka the Fertile Crescent). … There just aren’t the same contexts in Africa for the civilizational developments we see in Europe or Asia.
What biome is sub-Saharan Africa?
Tropical and subtropical savannahs and grasslands: Sub-Saharan Africa’s largest biome is a mosaic of grasslands, woodlands, bushlands, thickets, and semi-arid drylands that are maintained by fire and grazing. East and Southern Africa’s miombo and mopane savannah-woodland ecosystems are included in this ecosystem.