The sentence that best explains why some newly independent African countries such as Kenya, were able to avoid civil war immediately after gaining Independence is that Colonial rulers made an effort to prepare the colony for Independence. That was the case with the Englis in Kenya.
Which best describes the situation in most newly independent African nations in the 1960s and 1970s?
In the 1960s and 1970s, the most newly independent African nations were experiencing D. violence, civil war, and unrest. This nations experienced years of conflict, war, and poverty. … They faced problems of national unity and cohesion, poverty and underdevelopment, unemployment, under-employment, and civil wars.
What challenges did newly independent African countries face?
The newly independent African countries faced problems in social amenities, collapsing economies, political instability and lack of enough resources to help grow the economy.
Which challenges did many newly independent African countries share check all that apply?
ethnic conflicts. control by colonial powers. lack of a skilled workforce. abundance of natural resources.
How many countries in Africa gained independence in 1960?
1960 was the ‘Year of Africa’: seventeen colonies in Africa became politically independent.
Which countries gained independence in 1960?
From the United Kingdom. Two countries achieved independence from the British Empire in 1960: Somalia, through the unification of British Somaliland and the Trust Territory of Somalia, and Nigeria. On 26 June (also the day of Madagascar’s independence), British Somaliland became the independent State of Somaliland.
Which country first gained independence in Africa?
|1||Liberia||26 July 1847|
|2||South Africa||31 May 1910|
|3||Egypt||28 February 1922|
|4||Eritrea||10 February 1947|
What are the biggest problems in Africa?
Today, Africa remains the poorest and least-developed continent in the world. Hunger, poverty, terrorism, local ethnic and religious conflicts, corruption and bribery, disease outbreaks – this was Africa’s story until the early 2000s.
What difficulties did newly independent countries faced?
The newly independent states in Latin America faced many challenges. Some of those challenges include; inequality, rule of the caudillos, lack of economic independence among other challenges.
What are the negative effects of decolonization?
These include deep economic problems, inhibiting growth and widening disparities between the northern and southern part of the globe. These disparities are reflected clearly on the African continent. Experiences a particularly important problem – rapid urbanization, with serious economic and social consequences.
Why did French treat Algeria differently?
Why did France treat Algeria differently than its colonies in West and Central Africa? They considered Algeria to be a part of mainland France so unlike it’s other colonies, they didn’t allow Algeria to govern themselves. List two ways that Britain and France tried to preserve their interests in former colonies.
What caused the African independence movements?
Attracted by the promise of wealth from gold, diamonds, exotic hardwoods, and other natural riches, European nations claimed large portions of Africa for their colonial empires. Besides seizing the land of Africans, the Europeans also destroyed many of their freedoms and their institutions of government.
Which 14 countries in Africa gained independence in the 1960’s from France?
Below is a precis of the Year of Africa:
- Cameroon – January 1. …
- Togo – April 27. …
- Madagascar – June 26. …
- Democratic Republic of Congo – June 30. …
- Somalia – July 1. …
- Benin – August 1. …
- Niger – August 3. …
- Burkina Faso – August 5.
Which African country gained independence from Britain 1962?
Between March 1957, when Ghana declared independence from Great Britain, and July 1962, when Algeria wrested independence from France after a bloody war, 24 African nations freed themselves from their former colonial masters. In most former English and French colonies, independence came relatively peacefully.
When did most of Africa became independent?
Between 1945 and 1960, three dozen new states in Asia and Africa achieved autonomy or outright independence from their European colonial rulers. There was no one process of decolonization. In some areas, it was peaceful, and orderly. In many others, independence was achieved only after a protracted revolution.