Mount Elgon, extinct volcano on the Kenya-Uganda boundary. Its crater, about 5 miles (8 km) in diameter, contains several peaks, of which Wagagai (14,178 feet [4,321 m]) is the highest.
Which is an extinct volcano?
A volcano which has not erupted in the past 10,000 years is often listed as extinct. The extinct volcano no longer has a lava supply. An extinct volcano is no longer near an active geologic hot spot, if it ever was.
What is the oldest extinct volcano?
How old is the oldest volcano? The oldest volcano is probably Etna and that is about 350,000 years old. Most of the active volcanoes that we know about seem to be less than 100,000 years old.
What volcano is extinct in Tanzania?
Ngorongoro Crater, extinct volcanic caldera in the Eastern (Great) Rift Valley, northern Tanzania. It lies 75 miles (120 km) west of the town of Arusha.
Is Mt Tanzania is a dormant volcano?
Mount Kilimanjaro (/ˌkɪlɪmənˈdʒɑːroʊ/) is a dormant volcano in Tanzania. … It is the highest mountain in Africa and the highest single free-standing mountain in the world: 5,895 metres (19,341 ft) above sea level and about 4,900 metres (16,100 ft) above its plateau base.
Is an extinct volcano?
A dormant volcano is an active volcano that is not erupting, but supposed to erupt again. An extinct volcano has not had an eruption for at least 10,000 years and is not expected to erupt again in a comparable time scale of the future.
Can a dead volcano erupt?
Volcanoes typically are categorized thusly: active (a volcano that has erupted in the past 10,000 years), erupting (an active volcano that is experiencing an eruption), dormant (an active volcano that has the potential to erupt again), and extinct (a volcano that has not erupted in over 10,000 years and is unlikely to …
Who found the first volcano?
While it is not possible to know who first discovered volcanoes, the earliest record of a volcanic eruption was written by Roman author Pliny the Younger. He described the 79 A.D. eruption of Mount Vesuvius in such detail that geologists refer to large volcanic eruptions as “Plinian” in his honor.
Which city sits on an extinct volcano?
2: Arthur’s Seat, Edinburgh
In the centre of Edinburgh sits the city’s highest peak: Arthur’s Seat. A long extinct volcano thought to have first erupted 350 million years ago, it offers the best panoramic view over the city.
What was the first ever volcano to erupt?
Mt. Etna in Italy is sometimes called the oldest active volcano because it has the longest historic record of eruptions. It has erupted 190 times in the last 3,500 years. This is a bit misleading, however, because it was already an old volcano when the first recorded eruption occurred in 1,500 BC.
Where is Australia’s extinct volcano?
In fact, Australia is the only continent without any current active volcanic activity. This astounding extinct volcano is one of many to be found along the world-famous Great Ocean Rd in Victoria, but is arguably one of the biggest drawcards.
Which volcano erupts the coldest lava on Earth?
Because of its very unusual composition, carbonatite is literally the coolest lava on earth, erupting at 500-600 degrees Centigrade (930-1,100 degrees F), compared with 1,160 degrees C (2,120 degrees F) for lava from Kilauea’s current eruption.
What is the weirdest volcano in the world?
Ol Doinyo Lengai
|Ol Doinyo Lengai (Oldoinyo Lengai)|
|Ol Doinyo Lengai (Oldoinyo Lengai) Tanzania|
|Parent range||East African Rift|
What was found on Mount Kilimanjaro?
A detailed analysis of six cores retrieved from the rapidly shrinking ice fields atop Tanzania’s Mount Kilimanjaro shows that those tropical glaciers began to form about 11,700 years ago. The cores also yielded remarkable evidence of three catastrophic droughts that plagued the tropics 8,300, 5,200 and 4,000 years ago.
Is Kilimanjaro higher than Everest?
Everest (29,035 feet / 8,850 m) in Asia. Aconcagua (22,829 feet / 6,962 m) in South America. Denali (20,320 feet / 6,190 m) in North America. Kilimanjaro (19,340 feet / 5,895 m) in Africa.
Is K2 the same as Kilimanjaro?
Mt. Everest, Denali, Kilimanjaro… these names are known around the world, but one of the most dangerous and famous mountains has a much simpler title – K2.