Charcoal is an essential source of domestic fuel in many sub-Saharan African countries. … That’s 2.5 times more than the amount of wood fuel an average person consumes globally. Producing charcoal involves burning wood under anaerobic conditions – when too much oxygen is supplied, the wood turns to ash.
What is the primary use for charcoal in sub-Saharan Africa?
As a locally available and relatively clean fuel compared to burning wood or agricultural residues, charcoal provides basic energy services for cooking and heating to millions of people with limited options of alternatives, particularly those who live in the urban and peri-urban areas in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).
What is charcoal used for in developing countries?
Though use of fuelwood is generally much lower in towns than in the country, urban use of wood fuels can in aggregate be high, because of the often substantial use of charcoal. Urban use can lead to very large concentrates demands.
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How is charcoal made in Africa?
In many parts of Africa, charcoal is produced through the kiln or earth mound method. This involves arranging logs of harvested wood and covering the pile with grass and earth before the wood is set on fire. This covering helps to ensure that air is kept out while the wood burns.
Is charcoal production environmentally friendly?
Gas does have one distinct advantage in that it produces far less in the way of localised particulate pollution. However, in terms of a wider environmental impact, propane gas is a fossil fuel, whereas sustainably sourced lump charcoal is produced in a much more environmentally benign manner.
What is sustainable charcoal production?
The main parts of sustainable charcoal production are managed production including additional cost in terms of labor, time, and money, feedstock costs, management plans, or improved kilns and stoves. Sustainable production and marketing of charcoal is useful from the aspect of reducing the environmental pollution.
Which countries use fuelwood?
Area-based woodfuel flow studies carried out by FAO and other international organizations in countries such as Brazil, the Philippines, Pakistan, Mexico and Honduras have supplied essential information contributing to the understanding of the underlying dynamics of wood energy systems.
Why do developing countries use wood?
Today, it is estimated that more than 2 billion people in developing countries rely primarily on wood and other forest products for their daily cooking and heating needs, causing the public to associate the use of such resources with tropical deforestation and poverty.
Why do people use wood for fuel?
Wood fuel enable people to eat cooked food and provide people with income and employment. More than two thirds of the growing populations in developing countries – including Tanzania, live in rural areas. … These woodfuels are firewood and charcoal, which are used to meet the fuel needs for rural and urban population.
Is there charcoal in Africa?
Charcoal is an essential source of domestic fuel in many sub-Saharan African countries. Overall, the region produces 65% of the world’s charcoal, with Nigeria, Ethiopia and Ghana being the top three producers. The charcoal sector employs about 40 million people in the region.
Is charcoal good business?
In fact exporting charcoal outside the shores of this country is a serious money making business many people have not thought about. … In Nigeria , there are places that are well known for the production of charcoal in commercial quantities for export and for the local market.
Is charcoal used for energy?
Although the use of charcoal can be detrimental to the environment, and people’s health, charcoal is generally a better fuel for cooking than wood. … Charcoal is the principle energy source in many poor areas.
How does charcoal making affect the environment?
Greenhouse gases emissions during carbonization
Charcoal production therefore affects global warming through the production and emission of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4). … Greenhouse gas emissions from charcoal production in tropical ecosystems of the world.
Why is charcoal bad for the environment?
Unfortunately, grilling with charcoal comes with a hefty environmental cost: heavy greenhouse gas emissions. Charcoal nuggets, or briquettes, are essentially tightly packed bundles of carbon. When they’re burned, they spew pounds of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
What is the effect of charcoal in the environment?
The most commonly cited impact is deforestation, i.e., the clearance of forest or woodland. At a small spatial scale this may indeed be the case but on a larger landscape scale charcoal production most frequently results only in forest degradation.