Southern Africa is set apart from other Sub-Saharan African regions because of its mineral resources, including copper, diamonds, gold, zinc, chromium, platinum, manganese, iron ore, and coal. … Mining activity exists across the eastern region. Diamond mining is found in parts of Botswana and along the Namibian coast.
Why is North Africa separated from the rest of Africa?
North Africa is separated from Subsaharan Africa by the African Transition Zone, a transitional area between Islamic-dominated North Africa and animist- and Christian-dominated Subsaharan Africa. It is also a transition between the Sahara Desert and the tropical type A climates of Africa’s equatorial region.
What separates North and South Africa?
One of the two most prominent divides in Africa is the Great Rift Valley, the geological scar that runs north and south along the eastern half of the continent and has been forming over eons as the African tectonic plate slowly splits into two.
Why is Africa divided into regions?
In the post-colonial era, many international organizations, foreign governments and academics divided Africa into two major regions: North Africa (Arab Africa) and Sub-Saharan Africa (Black Africa). The rationale for this bifurcation of Africa into two regions was political and cultural.
Why is South Africa different from other African countries?
There seems to be a general consensus amongst Africans that while it is occasionally acceptable to comparatively group countries within the continent together, South Africa stands on its own, South Africa is not real Africa. … Amongst other things, our African countries are a product of colonialism and conflict.
What race are Algerian?
Ethnic groups in Algeria include Arab-Berbers, who represent 99% of the population, though according to the The World Factbook ” only a minority identify themselves as primarily Berber, about 15% of the total population”. Berbers are an indigenous ethnic group of Algeria.
Who first invaded Africa?
The first Europeans to enter Southern Africa were the Portuguese, who from the 15th century edged their way around the African coast in the hope of outflanking Islam, finding a sea route to the riches of India, and discovering additional sources of food.
Is South Africa better than North Africa?
Southern Africa is the continent’s best performing region, with an average score of 58.1, ahead of northern Africa with an average 57.7. Whereas northern African countries scored highly on economic development and personal safety, they lost points for democratic participation and civil rights in autocratic regimes.
How Africa was divided?
In 1885 European leaders met at the infamous Berlin Conference to divide Africa and arbitrarily draw up borders that exist to this day. … With the exception of Ethiopia and Liberia, all the states that make up present day Africa were parceled out among the colonial powers within a few years after the meeting.
Which country is closest to South Africa?
The southernmost country of the African continent, South Africa is bordered by Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Eswatini.
What are the 5 African nations?
Countries in Africa:
|4||DR Congo||Middle Africa|
What are 5 countries in Africa?
Southern Africa countries (5) – Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland. East African countries (19) – Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Somaliland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
What is the wealthiest region in Africa?
TOP 10 RICHEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES IN 2020 RANKED BY GDP & PRIMARY EXPORTS
- 1 | NIGERIA – THE RICHEST COUNTRY IN AFRICA (GDP: $446.543 Billion) …
- 2 | SOUTH AFRICA (GDP: $358.839 Billion) …
- 3 | EGYPT (GDP: $302.256 Billion) …
- 4 | ALGERIA (GDP: $172.781 Billion) …
- 5 | MOROCCO (GDP: $119,04 Billion) …
- 6 | KENYA (GDP: $99,246 Billion)
What was the original name of South Africa?
Name. The name “South Africa” is derived from the country’s geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English and Unie van Zuid-Afrika in Dutch, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies.
Was South Africa a first world country?
No. There have been no First, Second or Third World countries since the end of the Cold War. … South Africa is a third world country – first world is the developed countries in north America and western Europe; the second world was the old Soviet block and China; and the third world is the rest.
Is South Africa a just society?
The Constitution of South Africa provides a foundation for human rights for all South Africans, a framework for a just and equitable society. … Civil society plays an integral role in holding the government accountable to its constitutional obligations.