Why is the South African national budget an important document?

It provides the Government with the money it needs to deliver its policies and run vital services in areas such as Health, Education and Defence. The budget is arguably the most important government document. It impacts s the economy at large and the everyday lives of South Africans.

What is the purpose of the budget speech?

The budget speech is important because it outlines the government’s priorities for the next financial year. Budget allocations are a key indicator of the level of importance the government places on certain issues.

Why is budgeting a system in South Africa?

Budgeting within government is important because it supports government projects and programmes and it involves financial decisions so that departmental goals are achieved such as service delivery goals.

What are the purposes of budgeting in government?

The purpose of budgeting is to provide a forecast of revenues and expenditures and also to provide financial targets that will enable the actual financial management performance of the department or entity to be measured against the forecast.

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Who presented the annual budget in South Africa?

Over two decades, South Africa has developed its own ritual. This involves a state of the nation address by the president to mark the opening of parliament, followed – usually a week later – by the presentation of the budget by the finance minister.

What is the annual budget of South Africa?

Budgeted expenditure for 2020/21 is R1. 95 trillion (2019/20 revised estimate: R1. 84 trillion). The largest portion of the budget has been allocated to learning and culture (R396.

Who controls public money in South Africa?

The PIC is wholly owned by the South African Government, with the Minister of Finance as the shareholder representative. The PIC was established as a corporation on in accordance with the Public Investment Corporation Act, 2004 (Act 23 of 2004).

What is PFMA act?

Introduction. The Public Finance Management Act (PFMA), 1999 (Act No. 1 of 1999) (as amended by Act No. … The Act promotes the objective of good financial management in order to maximise service delivery through the effective and efficient use of the limited resources.

What is MTEF in South Africa?

The MTEF is a transparent planning and budget formulation process within which government establishes contracts for allocating public resources to their strategic priorities while ensuring overall fiscal discipline.

What is budget and its importance?

Budgeting is the process of creating a plan to spend your money. This spending plan is called a budget. Creating this spending plan allows you to determine in advance whether you will have enough money to do the things you need to do or would like to do. Budgeting is simply balancing your expenses with your income.

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What are the four main objectives of government expenditure?


  • Administration of law and order and justice.
  • Maintenance of police force.
  • Maintenance of army and provision for defence goods.
  • Maintenance of diplomats in foreign countries.
  • Public Administration.
  • Servicing of public debt.
  • Development of industries.


What are the main objectives of budget?

The various objectives of government budget are:

  • Reallocation of Resources: …
  • Reducing inequalities in income and wealth: …
  • Economic Stability: …
  • Management of Public Enterprises: …
  • Economic Growth: …
  • Reducing regional disparities:

What is the new Budget 2020?

In Budget 2020, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman proposed a new set of income tax rates for those earning up to ₹15 lakh a year. She proposed a 10% tax on income between ₹5 and ₹7.5 lakh from 20 per cent now. Income between ₹7.5 lakh to ₹10 lakh will also attract a lower tax of 15%.

What is the national budget of South Africa 2021?

Main budget revenue is projected to be R1. 35 trillion, or 25.3 per cent as a share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2021/22. This rises to R1. 52 trillion in the outer year (2023/24) of the Medium-Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF).

Who presented the annual budget for 2021?

2021 Budget Speech by the Minister of Finance Mr Tito Mboweni on Wednesday 24 February 2021 at 2pm.

Hai Afrika!