Definition. The migration of the Bantu people from their origins in southern West Africa saw a gradual population movement sweep through the central, eastern, and southern parts of the continent starting in the mid-2nd millennium BCE and finally ending before 1500 CE.
When did the first Bantu arrive in South Africa?
Following the establishment of the Dutch Cape Colony, European settlers began arriving in Southern Africa in substantial numbers. Around the 1770s, Trekboers from the Cape encountered more Bantu language speakers towards the Great Fish River and frictions eventually arose between the two groups.
Why did the Bantu migrate into South Africa?
The Bantu people migrated to South Africa mostly in search of new fertile land and water for farming (due to the Sahara grasslands drying up)….
Did the Bantu migration reach South Africa?
The Bantu expansion was a major series of migrations of the original Proto-Bantu-speaking group, which spread from an original nucleus around West-Central Africa across much of sub-Saharan Africa. … The expansion reached South Africa, probably as early as AD 300.
When did the Bantu expansion start?
It seems likely that the expansion of the Bantu-speaking people from their core region in West Africa began around 1000 BCE. The western branch possibly followed the coast and the major rivers of the Congo system southward, reaching central Angola by around 500 BCE.
Who settled South Africa first?
The first European settlement in southern Africa was established by the Dutch East India Company in Table Bay (Cape Town) in 1652. Created to supply passing ships with fresh produce, the colony grew rapidly as Dutch farmers settled to grow crops.
What race is Bantu?
Bantu peoples are the speakers of Bantu languages, comprising several hundred indigenous ethnic groups in Africa, spread over a vast area from Central Africa across the African Great Lakes to Southern Africa.
What skills did the Bantu spread through Africa?
Bantu-speakers in West Africa moved into new areas in very small groups, usually just families. But they brought with them the Bantu technology and language package—iron, crops, cattle, pottery, and more. These pioneers then shared their more advanced technologies (and, in the process, their languages) with the locals.
What are the causes and effects of Bantu migration?
In central Africa, the spread of Bantu-speaking people had effects on the environment. Introducing new crops and farming techniques altered the natural landscape. Raising cattle also displaced wild animal species. Agriculture improved the ability of Bantu-speakers to reproduce and expand more quickly.
Why is the Bantu migration important?
The Bantu Migration had an enormous impact on Africa’s economic, cultural, and political practices. Bantu migrants introduced many new skills into the communities they interacted with, including sophisticated farming and industry. These skills included growing crops and forging tools and weapons from metal.
Where did the word Bantu come from?
 Abantu (or ‘Bantu’ as it was used by colonists) is the Zulu word for people. It is the plural of the word ‘umuntu’, meaning ‘person’, and is based on the stem ‘–ntu’ plus the plural prefix ‘aba’. This original meaning changed through the history of South Africa.
How did the Bantu migrations change the history of Africa?
Outcome: The Bantu migration being the largest migration in history, influenced two thirds of African language. By the end of the first millennium divisions had formed. … The Bantu were the first to develop language and provide historians with an idea about Africa’s civilizations.
How did Bantu language spread?
Bantu languages are generally thought to have originated approximately 5000 years ago (ya) in the Cameroonian Grassfields area neighbouring Nigeria, and started to spread, possibly together with agricultural technologies , through Sub-Saharan Africa as far as Kenya in the east and the Cape in the south .
Are West African Bantu?
Originating in West Africa, this migration — known as the Bantu expansion — spread agriculture and a family of common languages into eastern and southern Africa, where many residents still speak Bantu languages and have West African ancestry.
Who are the coastal Bantu?
The Bantu speakers are commonly divided into three groups: Western/Lacustine, Central/Eastern and Coastal Bantu. The coastal Bantu include the Mijikenda (Agiriama, Digo, Chonyi/Kauma, Duruma, Jibaba, Kambe, Rabai, Ribe), Taveta, Bajun, Malakote, Pokomo, Taita, and Swahili communities.
What direction S did the Bantu migrate?
During a wave of expansion that began 4,000 to 5,000 years ago, Bantu-speaking populations – today some 310 million people – gradually left their original homeland of West-Central Africa and traveled to the eastern and southern regions of the continent.