Introduction. France started colonizing West Africa early and most of those countries only became independent in the 20th century. The main goal of colonizing West Africa was that they wanted to turn West African countries into a “French-state”. … The French colonization changed the African culture.
What was the purpose of colonizing Africa?
The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. During this time of colonisation, an economic depression was occurring in Europe, and powerful countries such as Germany, France, and Great Britain, were losing money.
Why did France colonize?
Motivations for colonization: The French colonized North America to create trading posts for the fur trade. Some French missionaries eventually made their way to North America in order to convert Native Americans to Catholicism. … The French in particular created alliances with the Hurons and Algonquians.
When did France colonize Africa?
The French presence in Africa dates to the 17th century, but the main period of colonial expansion came in the 19th century with the invasion of Ottoman Algiers in 1830, conquests in West and Equatorial Africa during the so-called scramble for Africa and the establishment of protectorates in Tunisia and Morocco in the …
What did France do to Africa?
As the French pursued their part in the scramble for Africa in the 1880s and 1890s, they conquered large inland areas, and at first, ruled them as either a part of the Senegal colony or as independent entities. These conquered areas were usually governed by French Army officers, and dubbed “military territories”.
Which country has never been colonized in Africa?
Take Ethiopia, the only sub-Saharan African country that was never colonized.
How did Europe destroy Africa?
Europeans destroyed these systems in large areas of Africa when they developed the trade in enslaved Africans. Local systems were badly affected and overwhelmed by the demands of the new trade in enslaved Africans, a trade imposed by the better developed guns and ships of the Europeans.
What if France colonized America?
If France colonized the area then it would have been much less than what happened in our timeline. … The government would probably be much more centralized and there would not be semi-independent states, there could even be an American version of the French monarchy in power.
Does France still have colonies?
Since 1929, the size of the French empire has shrunk dramatically. But like other European colonial powers, the French empire never disappeared entirely. Today, you can find the vestiges of the French Empire in islands and territories located around the world.
How many countries did the French colonize?
During the Colonial period in Africa, the British and the French colonized more than 95% of the continent. The British colonized twenty-two African states while the French colonized twenty.
What countries own France?
- Present-day Brazil. France Équinoxiale (Bay of São Luis) (1610–1615) …
- Haiti (1627–1804)
- Present-day Suriname. …
- Îles des Saintes (1648–present)
- Marie-Galante (1635–present)
- la Désirade (1635–present)
- Guadeloupe (1635–present)
- Martinique (1635–present)
How many countries in Africa are French?
French in Africa: 29 Countries Where French is Spoken. French is the official language of 21 countries in Africa.
How many countries in Africa did France colonize?
French West Africa (French: Afrique occidentale française, AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte d’Ivoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.
Is French growing in Africa?
French is now the fifth most spoken world language and growing—thanks to Africans. … The number of people speaking French has shown a steady increase: up nearly 9.6% since 2014. Measuring from 2010 to today, 22.7 million more people speak French: 68% of these are sub-Saharan Africa, while 22% live in North Africa.
Which African country is still Colonised?
Western Sahara is still colonized because it is rich in natural resources that became a sort of curse to the Saharawi people, and free stolen goods to those countries and governments exploiting it in complicity with Morocco. And the list of the guilty plunderers of this African country is huge.
What countries did Britain colonize in Africa?
Britain had many colonies in Africa: in British West Africa there was Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria, Southern Cameroon, and Sierra Leone; in British East Africa there was Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania (formerly Tanganyika and Zanzibar); and in British South Africa there was South Africa, Northern Rhodesia (Zambia), Southern …